فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشکده علوم اجتماعی دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناسی ارشد

چکیده

ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ ﻋﺰاداری ﻋﺎﺷﻮرا از ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﮔﺮدﻫﻤﺎﻳﻲﻫﺎی ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ ﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ از دﻳﺮﺑﺎز ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮر ﺣﻔﻆ و ﺻﻮرت ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ، ﻧﮕﻪ داری ﻳﻚ ﺳﺮی از ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ و ارزشﻫﺎی دﻳﻨﻲ و اﻧﺘﻘﺎل آن ﺑﻪ ﻧﺴﻞﻫﺎی آﻳﻨﺪه اﺳﺖ .درﻣﻮرد ﺷﻜﻞ اﺟﺮای اﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ اﻟﮕﻮی واﺣﺪی وﺟﻮد ﻧﺪارد و ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ اﻟﮕﻮی ﻣﻄﻠﻮب آن
ﻫﻤﻮاره ﻣﺤﻞ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ و از اﻳﻦرو ﻣﻮﺿﻮع ﻣﻬﻤﻲ ﺑﺮای ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻣﺤﺴﻮب ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮد؛ ﻟﺬا آنﭼﻪ ﻛﻪ در اداﻣﻪ ﻣﻲ آﻳﺪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺔ ﻣﻮردی در ﻫﻤﻴﻦ راﺳﺘﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﻮه ﻛﻴﻔﻲ و ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚﻫﺎﻳﻲ  ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﺔ و ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪة ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ آﻣﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﺗﺤﻮل ﻧﻘﺶ دو ﻋﻨﺼﺮ اﺳﺎﺳﻲ اﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ ﻳﻌﻨﻲ؛
وﻋﺎظ و ﻣﺪاﺣﺎن ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ و داده ﻫﺎی ﺑﺪﺳﺖ آﻣﺪه از آن ﻧﺸﺎن ﻣﻲ دﻫﺪ در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ  ﺑﺮﺧﻼف ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﻣﺪاﺣﺎن ـ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻧﻤﺎد دﻳﻦ داری ﻋﺎﻃﻔﻲ ـ ﻣﺤﻮر و وﻋﺎظ ـ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻣﺮﺟﻊ دﻳﻨﻲ ـ در ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪاﻧﺪ .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Transition of the Role of Eulogizing and Preaching for Carrying out the Rites of Ashura (A case study in Dezful)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehri Bahar 1
  • Nasim Kahirdeh 2

1 Tehran University

2 M.A

چکیده [English]

The rites of mourning on Ashura is one of the great religious ceremonies which has been carried out by each generation in order to carry lots of concepts and religious values to next generations. There is not a unique form for carrying out these rites which make some challenges and therefore there have been lots of researches to find the best form. In this research we applied a case study in the qualitative method by interview and participant observation that consider on the role of preaching and eulogizing which are the two important elements of these rites. Data state that on the contrary of past era the eulogizers have been became the main stream of this rite as a symbol of emotional religiousness and made the preachers as a symbol of religious authority marginal.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Rites
  • eulogizer
  • preacher
  • mourning on Ashura
  • religiousness

( ﭘﺪﻳﺪة ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ زﻳﺮزﻣﻴﻨﻲ در اﻳﺮان و ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻣﻴﺰان ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺑﻴﺖ و ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ 1388) ﺧﺎدﻣﻲ، ﺣﺴﻦ
ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ زﻳﺮزﻣﻴﻨﻲ در ﻣﻴﺎن ﻧﻮﺟﻮاﻧﺎن و ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮان. ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎﺗﻲ ﺑﺮای ﻣﺮﻛﺰ ﺗﻮﺳﻌﺔ
ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ

ﻫﺎی ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ و دﻳﻨﻲ، ﺳﺎزﻣﺎن ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎت اﺳﻼﻣﻲ.
. ( ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎت ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن. ﭼﺎپ اول، ﺗﻬﺮان :ﻧﺸﺮ آﮔﻪ 1386) ذﻛﺎﻳﻲ، ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ
. ( روﻳﻜﺮدﻫﺎی ﻧﻈﺮی ﻫﻔﺘﮕﺎﻧﻪ در ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ 1382) ارل و واﻳﻨﺒﺮگ، ﻣﺎرﺗﻴﻦ ،راﺑﻴﻨﮕﺘﻦ
ﺗﺮﺟﻤﻪ ﺻﺪﻳﻖ، رﺣﻤﺖ اﻟﻪ. ﭼﺎپ اول، ﺗﻬﺮان: اﻧﺘﺸﺎرات داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان.
. ( ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ زﻳﺮزﻣﻴﻨﻲ، ﮔﻔﺖوﮔﻮ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺠﻠﻪ اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﻫﻔﺖﺳﻨﮓ 1386) ﺳﻤﺘﻲ، ﻣﻬﺪی
. ( ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ و ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ رپ. ﻣﺠﻠﻪ اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ ﻫﻔﺖﺳﻨﮓ 1386) ﺷﺎﻛﺮ، ﻋﻠﻲ
. ( ﻣﺼﺮف و ﺳﺒﻚ زﻧﺪﮔﻲ. ﭼﺎپ اول، ﺗﻬﺮان: ﻧﺸﺮ ﺻﺒﺢ ﺻﺎدق 1382) ﻓﺎﺿﻠﻲ، ﻣﺤﻤﺪ
: ( ﻧﺴﻞاﻳﻜﺲ، ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺟﻮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ .ﭼﺎپ اول، ﺗﻬﺮان 1387) ﻛﺎﻇﻤﻲﭘﻮر، ﻋﺒﺪاﻟﻤﺤﻤﺪ
ﻧﺸﺮ ﻧﻲ . . اﻳﺮان، ﻣﻘﺎﻻت اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ 1 ﻛﻮﺛﺮی، ﻣﺴﻌﻮد. ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎنﻫﺎی ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ در
ﻣﺸﻜﻮری، ﻧﺼﻴﺮ. ﺳﻠﺴﻠﻪ ﻧﻘﺪﻫﺎی ﺑﺮ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ زﻳﺮزﻣﻴﻨﻲ در اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ، ﻣﻘﺎﻻت اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺘﻲ.

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