فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه مازندران

2 دانشگاه تهران

3 کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

ﺳﺒﻚ زﻧﺪﮔﻲ اﻧﺘﺨﺎب ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪای از ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎ در درون ﻣﺤﺪودهﻫﺎی ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎری اﺳﺖ. رﻓﺘﺎر ﺳﺎﻟﻢ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ دﻳﮕﺮ اﺷﻜﺎل رﻓﺘﺎر اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ارﺗﺒﺎط دﻳﺎﻟﻜﺘﻴﻜﻲ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺖ و ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎر ﻗﺮار ﻣﻲ ﮔﻴﺮد .ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻴﺖ، ﺗﻮاﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﻋﺎﻣﻼن در اﻧﺘﺨﺎب رﻓﺘﺎرﻫﺎﻳﺸﺎن اﺳﺖ در ﺣﺎﻟﻲﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎر ﻗﺎﻋﺪه ﻣﻨﺪیﻫﺎﻳﻲ را در ﻛﻨﺶ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ،
ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎت اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻧﻤﺎدﻳﻦ و ﻣﻴﺰان دﺳﺘﺮﺳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻌﻲ ﻧﺸﺎن ﻣﻲدﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ اﻧﺘﺨﺎبﻫﺎ را ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺗﻀﻌﻴﻒ ﻣﻲ ﻣﺤﺪودهﻫﺎی ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎری ، ﻛﻨﺪ .از ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﺎﻛﺮﻫﺎم
ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﺳﻦ، ﺟﻨﺲ، ﺷﻐﻞ، وﺿﻊ ﺗﺄﻫﻞ، ﭘﺎﻳﮕﺎه اﻗﺘﺼﺎدی -اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﻨﺪ اﻧﺘﺨﺎبﻫﺎی ﻋﺎﻣﻼن را ﻣﺤﺪود ﺳﺎزﻧﺪ .اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮ اﺳﺎس ﻳﻚ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ
ﻫﺸﺖ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺳﺎزه ، ﻧﻔﺮی از ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن ﺳﺎﻛﻦ در ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ دو ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮان 450زﻳﺮﺑﻨﺎﻳﻲ را ﺑﺮای ﻣﻔﻬﻮم ﺳﺒﻚ زﻧﺪﮔﻲ راﻧﻨﺪﮔﻲ اراﺋﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ .اﻳﻦ اﺑﻌﺎد ﻋﺒﺎرﺗﻨﺪ
از :راﻧﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﭘﺮﺧﻄﺮ، ﻋﺸﻖ راﻧﺪن، زﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲ-ﻟﺬت، ﻣﺼﺮف ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ، ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ در ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎی اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، دﻳﻦداری، اﻟﻜﻞ و ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺖ در
ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖﻫﺎی ورزﺷﻲ .در ﻣﻴﺎن اﺑﻌﺎد ﺑﺪﺳﺖ آﻣﺪه، راﻧﻨﺪﮔﻲ ﭘﺮﺧﻄﺮ و ﻣﺼﺮف اﻟﻜﻞ دارای ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺗﺼﺎدف ﻫﺴﺘﻨ.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Lifestyle on the Risk of Accident among Adolescents in Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahmoud Sharepour 1
  • Aboali Vedadhir 2
  • Sekine Ghorbanzadeh 3

1 Mazandarn University

2 Tehran University

3 MAzansaran University

چکیده [English]

Lifestyles are collective patterns of activities and behaviors based on choices from all options that are available to actors according to structural constrains. Health behavior, like other categories of social behaviors, is influenced by the interplay or dialectical relationship between agency and structure. While agency is the capacity of social actors to choose their behavior, structure refers to regulatory bodies in social interaction, systematic social relationship, and access to resources that constrain or give power to choices. From William Cockerham’s standpoint, structural factors such as age, gender, occupational position, socioeconomic status (SES) can widely control life choices of social actors. Inspired from Cockerham, and in an endeavor to take out and define multiple dimensions of the notion of lifestyle, this paper has drawn on factor analysis strategy of data analysis, based on a sample (n=450) of adolescents living in two districts of the Tehran metropolis. The recruited adolescents into sample were chosen using a PPS cluster sampling strategy. The result of factor analysis shows that the notion of lifestyle has eight underlying variables or dimensions. These dimensions are: Risky driving, passion for driving, beauty driven pleasures, cultural consumption, interest in social activities, religiosity, alcoholism (alcohol abuse), and an interest in physical activities. Out of the extracted dimensions or factors for lifestyle, risky driving, alcohol abuse and an interest in physical activities have sequentially had the most significant effects on the risk of accident. Moreover, significant relationships exist between these dimensions of lifestyle and negative (unsafe) aspects of one’s driving lifestyle.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • lifestyle
  • agency
  • structure
  • Risky/ Troubling Behavior