فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻯ ﺩﻛﺘﺮﻯ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻰ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ شیراز

2 هیات علمی دانشگان شیراز

چکیده

ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺮای ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﺑﺎر در اﻳﺮان ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﮔﺮوه ﻫﺎی اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮدازد .ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ واﺑﺴﺘﻪ، ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﺣﻮزوﻳﺎن ﻣﺪارس ﻋﻠﻮم دﻳﻨﻲ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺷﻴﺮاز، ﻣﻬﻢ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ وﻗﺎﻳﻊ دوره ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻲ آﻏﺎز ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﭘﻬﻠﻮی ﺗﺎ ﺣﺎل ﺣﺎﺿﺮ را ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻲ ﮔﺮدد .ﻣﺪل ﺗﺠﺮﺑﻲ و ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ ﻫﺎی اﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻫﺎﻟﺒﻮاﻛﺲ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ .روﻳﻜﺮد ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﻛﻤﻲ و در ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻫﺎی آﻣﺎری ﺑﺎ ﺷﻴﻮة ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻫﺪف ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮدازد .از ﻃﺮﻳﻖ روش ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻔﺮ از ﻃﻼب و ﻣﺪرﺳﻴﻦ ﺣﻮزه ﻋﻠﻤﻴﻪ ﻣﻮرد ﭘﺮﺳﺶ ﻗﺮار 256ﮔﻴﺮی ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ای، ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻨﺪ .ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﺔ ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ اﻳﻦ ﮔﺮوه، در اوﻟﻮﻳﺖ ﻳﻜﻢ، واﻗﻌﺔ اﻧﻘﻼب و در اوﻟﻮﻳﺖ دوم واﻗﻌﺔ ﺟﻨﮓ اﻳﺮان و ﻋﺮاق اﺳﺖ .آزﻣﻮن 1357اﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﺳﺎل دوﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮه ﻧﺸﺎن ﻣﻲ دﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮﻫﺎی ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼت و ﻗﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﺑﺎ ، راﺑﻄﺔ ﻣﻌﻨﺎدار وﺟﻮد دارد .ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ 1357ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ اﻧﻘﻼب ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﺼﺮف ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ و ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﺟﻨﮓ اﻳﺮان و ﻋﺮاق راﺑﻄﺔ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ دار وﺟﻮد دارد .ﺑﺮ اﺳﺎس ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ آزﻣﻮن ﭼﻨﺪ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮة ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ رﮔﺮﺳﻴﻮن ﻟﺠﺴﺘﻴﻚ دو ﺷﻘﻲ، ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﺗﺤﺼﻴﻼت در ﻣﻌﺎدﻟﺔ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻟﮕﺎرﻳﺘﻢ ﺑﺨﺖ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﺶ واﻗﻌﺔ اﻧﻘﻼب و ﻧﻴﺰ ﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮ ﻣﺼﺮف ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ در ﻣﻌﺎدﻟﻪ ﺑﺨﺖ ﮔﺰﻳﻨﺶ واﻗﻌﻪ ﺟﻨﮓ اﻳﺮان و ﻋﺮاق وارد ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ .دﻻﻳﻞ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻳﺎن در ﺗﻮﺟﻴﻪ اﻫﻤﻴﺖ دو واﻗﻌﺔ اﻧﻘﻼب و ﺟﻨﮓ در ﭼﻬﺎر ﻣﻘﻮﻟﺔ ﻣﺮﺗﺒﻂ ﺑﺎ دﻳﻦ، ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ و زﺑﺎن ﻣﺸﺨﺺ ﮔﺮدﻳﺪه اﻧﺪ .ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ اﻳﻦ ﭘﮋوﻫﺶ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪی ﺑﺮای ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﻫﺎﻟﺒﻮاﻛﺲ داﻳﺮ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎزﺳﺎزی ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﺔ ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺔ ﮔﺮوﻫﻲ در ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﭼﺎرﭼﻮب اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ زﻣﺎن ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Collective Memory and Its Dimensions: Case Study of Clergies Shiraz City

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kazem Kazemi 1
  • Seyed saeed zahedi 2

1 phd Student of shiraz

2 Shiraz university

چکیده [English]

This paper examines social memory of clergies who study in traditional religious schools and its relationships with social indicators of the group. The main goals of the research have been exploration of principal elements of collective memory of clergy groups as well as explaining the respondents’ justifications for prominent events.  This survey was carried out through distributing a questionnaire to clergy people of religious schools in Shiraz city. Through a probability approach of cluster sampling, 256 students and teachers were selected. They were asked about the most important national events in almost the last nine decades as well as their reasons for the importance of the prominent events. The relationships of independent variables to the prominent group memory were examined. The results indicated the absolute primacy of 1979 Revolution and War between Iran and Iraq memory among other ten events in this epoch. The great change, progress, religion and retrogress were the main categories for the justification of Revolution and War’s primacy. There are significant relationships according two variables analysis: Revolution’s memory and education as well as race; War’s memory and cultural consumerism. Education appeared in the final Logistic regression model for Revolution memory and cultural consumerism in War’s. Generally the results confirmed the Halbwachs theory of collective memory.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Collective memory
  • Islamic Revolution of 1978
  • Iran-Iraq war
  • Clergymen