فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه جامعه شناسی دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

اﻣﺮوزه روایت سینما ازﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﻣﻬﻢ ترین روایت ها درﺷﻜﻞ دﻫﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺑﮋکتیو های
ﻓﺮدی و ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ اﻳﻦ رواﻳﺖ را ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮان از ﺟﻬﺎت ﻣﺘﻌﺪدی ﻣﻮرد ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﻗﺮار
داد .اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ در ﭘﻲ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ در سینمای ﻋﺎﻣﻪ اﻳﺮان 90 ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﻧﻴﻤﻪ ﻧﺨﺴﺖ دهه
از ﺑﺎب ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ اﻣﺮ اﺧﻼﻗﻲ در آن اﺳﺖ .اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺿﻤﻦ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ
ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ رواﻳﺖ اﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﻣﺮﺟﺢ فیلم های ﻣﻮرد ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻧﺸﺎن ﻣﻲ دهدﻛﻪ ﻛﺪام
رواﻳﺖ ﻳﺎ رواﻳﺖﻫﺎی اﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﺴﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ ﮔﻴﺸﻪ ﻫﺎی ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎی اﻳﺮان را از آن
ﺧﻮد ﻛﻨﺪ ازاﻳﻦ رو ﻣﻨﻈﺮی ﺟﻬﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ تفسیر در اﺧﻼﻗﻲ اﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ از ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ
ﺑﺎ روﺷﻲ 80ـ85 اﺳﺖ .در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺷﺶ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﭘﺮﻓﺮوش ﺳﺎلﻫﺎی
ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ ﻣﻮرد ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ اﻧﺪ .ﺟﺎﻟﺐ آنﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ رﻏﻢ ﺗﻔﺎوتﻫﺎی
ﻣﺘﻌﺪد )ژاﻧﺮ، ﻣﺆﻟﻒ و... (دوﮔﺎﻧﮕﻲﻫﺎی ﻣﺘﻀﺎد ﻣﺸﺘﺮک ﻣﺘﻌﺪدی در اﻳﻦ آﺛﺎر
ﻳﺎﻓﺖ ﻣﻲ ً ﺷﻮد ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﺎ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن اﺧﻼﻗﻲ ﻣﺸﺎﺑﻬﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻤﺔ اﻳﻦ آﺛﺎر ﻏﻠﺒﻪ
دارد .رواداری، ﺻﺪاﻗﺖ، ﺷﺎدی، رواﺑﻂ ﻧﺎب و ﻳﻚ رﻧﮕﻲ ارزشﻫﺎی ﻣﻤﺪوح و ﺗﻤﻨﺎ
ﺷﺪه در اﻳﻦ آﺛﺎر اﺳﺖ .ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ در ﻋﻤﻮم اﻳﻦ آﺛﺎر ﻧﺎﺳﺎزه ﮔﻮﻧﻲ ﻣﻴﺎن ﺷﻴﻮه
رواﻳﺖ در ﺳﻄﺢ زﻳﺮﻳﻦ و ارزشﻫﺎی ﻣﺮﺟﺢ در زﻣﻴﻨﻪ رواداری ﻧﻤﻮد دارد و
دﻳﮕﺮی در اﻟﻜﻦ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ و ﺑﻲ دﻓﺎع ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Ethic Representation In Iranian Best Selling Movies from Sag- Koshi To Atash bas

نویسندگان [English]

  • sara shariati mazinani 1
  • Vahid Shalchi 2

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, University of Tehran

2 Allameh tabatabaei university

چکیده [English]

Today the cinematic narrative is one of the most important narratives in forming individual and collective subjectivity, which is a subject to ponder on. This article is to consider the ethic representation in the popular Iranian cinema throughout the first half of the 90’s decade in Iran and focus on the preferred reading. This article aside from examining the representation of he preferred ethic narrative among selected ovies attempts to indicate which ethic narrative has been able to attract the most audience among the society and to thus provide an outlook to the recognition of ethic interpretation of this section of the society. In this research, six of the best selling movies in the years 2001-2006 have been studied by semiotic methods. It is interesting to point out that despite numerous differences (genre, author, …) many common binary oppositions exist in these works, and there is also an almost similar ethic dialogue dominating over all works. Tolerence, honesty, joy, pure and non-hypocritical relationships are the accepted values in these movies. Moreover in most of these works, a paradox among the narrative methods in the inner layer and the preferred values(tolrerance) canbe observed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ethical issues
  • Binary oppositions
  • The popular cinema of Iran
  • Semiotics