فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

چکیده

ﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ و ﺳﺮﻳﺎل ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻲ درﺑـﺎره   ﻫـﺮ دوره از ﺗـﺎرﻳﺦ، ﻧـﻪ ﺗﻨﻬـﺎ ﻧـﺸﺎن   دﻫﻨـﺪه  اﻫﻤﻴﺖ آن دوره ﻧﺰد ﻓﻴﻠﻤﺴﺎزان و ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺘﮕﺬاران ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ اﺳﺖ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﺎ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ای اﺳﺖ از ﺷﺮاﻳﻂ ﻓﻌﻠﻲ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ، ﻳﺎ ﺷـﺮاﻳﻂ آرﻣـﺎﻧﻲ آن . در واﻗـﻊ، ﺑـﺮای ﺑـﻪ ﺗـﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻛﺸﻴﺪن آﻧﭽﻪ از ﺷﺮاﻳﻂ اﻣﺮوزی ﻣﻲ  ﺧﻮاﻫﻨﺪ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﻫﻪ  ای از ﺗﺎر ﻳﺦ را ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﺮار ﻣـﻲ  دﻫﻨـﺪ . در اﻳﻦ ﻧﻮﺷﺘﺎر ﺗﻼش ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ اﻧﺪک ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ   ﻫﺎی ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ درﺑﺎره دوره ﺻﻔﻮی)  ﺳﻪ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭘﻴﺶ از اﻧﻘﻼب ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪ و دو ﺳﺮﻳﺎل ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮﻧﻲ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪه ﭘﺲ از اﻧﻘﻼب (  را از ﻧﮕـﺎه اﻧﺴﺎنﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮی، ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ . در اﻳـﻦ راه از اﺳـﻄﻮره  ﺷﻨﺎﺳـﻲ ﻳـﺎری ﮔـﺮﻓﺘﻴﻢ . دوره ﺻﻔﻮی ﻫﻤﭽﻮن اﺳﺎﻃﻴﺮ ﻣﺮﺑـﻮط ﺑـﻪ دوران ﻃﻼﻳـﻲ، ﺑـﻪ ﻋﻨـﻮان دوره  ای ﺑـﻪ ﺗـﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﻛـﺸﻴﺪه ﻣﻲ     ﺷﻮد ﻛﻪ از ﺑﺴﻴﺎری ﺟﻨﺒﻪ ﻫﺎ، ﺷﻜﻮه و ﺟﻼل در اﻳﻦ ﺳﺮزﻣﻴﻦ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﻮد . و اﻳﻦ اﺳـﻄﻮره  ای اﺳﺖ ﺑﺮای رﻓﻊ ﺗﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻛﻨﻮﻧﻲ                ﻣﺎن و اﺣﺴﺎس اﻓﺘﺨﺎری ﻛﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺧﻮد دارﻳﻢ.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Representation of the ‘Golden Age’ Myth in the Historical Cinema of Iran

چکیده [English]

The production of historical films and television series about a particular historical period does not just indicate the importance of that period to the film- and cultural policymakers of a society, but is generally a representation of the current or ideal state of that society. In fact, a historical period is used as an excuse for depicting what wants to be said about current circumstances. This paper tries to analyze the cinematic productions made about the Safavid era (three films produced before the Revolution and two television series made after) from the perspective of visual anthropology. This has been done through Levi Strauss and Barthes’ theories on mythology. The Safavid era is depicted as having been glorious and splendid, functioning as a “golden age” myth. This myth is used to resolve the incongruity between our current identity and the pride we feel in regard to our past.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • visual anthropology
  • historical cinema
  • Mythology
  • Levi Strauss
  • Savafid era
  • golden age