فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

چکیده

ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻳﻜﻲ از روش اﺳﺖ ﻫﺎی ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺘﻦ  .ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ روﻳﻜﺮد   ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ در ﭘﻲ دﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑﻲ ﺑﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﻋﻤﻠﻜﺮدﻫﺎی ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺑﻪ واﺳﻄﻪ زﺑﺎن و ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ اﺳﺖ . ﻫﺪف اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎوﺷﻲ در ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ اﺳﺖ و ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮد آن ﺑﺮ ﭘﺎﻳﻪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻳﻚ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ  . ﺑﺮای اﻳﻦ ﻫﺪف ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎه ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ ﺑﺮﺳﺎﺧﺖ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻣﻮﺳﻮم ﺑﻪ دﻻﻟﺖ ﮔﺮاﻳﻲ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ و  ﻫﺎی ﻓﻠﺴﻔﻲ و ﭘﻴﺎﻣﺪﻫﺎی ﻧﻈﺮی آن را ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ ﺧﻮاﻫﻴﻢ داد و ﺳﭙﺲ ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﻋﻤﺪه روش ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ  را در ﻗﺎﻟﺐ رﻣﺰﮔﺎن ﻫﺎی ﻣﻲ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ، ﻓﻨﻲ و ﻏﻴﺮه و ﻛﺎرﻛﺮدﻫﺎی زﺑﺎﻧﻲ ﻋﻤﺪه ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ دﻫﻴﻢ . در ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻻکﭘﺸﺖ ﻣﻲ » اﻧﻀﻤﺎﻣﻲ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ « ﻫﺎ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺮواز ﻛﻨﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺤﺎت ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻲ و ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ روﺷﻲ ﺑﺨﺶ ، ﻧﺨﺴﺖ را ﺑ ﮔﺮﻓﺖ ﻪ ﻛﺎر ﺧﻮاﻫﻴﻢ  .ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻧﻤﻲ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ، ﻫﻨﺮ را ﺑﺎزﺗﺎب ﺻﺮف واﻗﻌﻴﺖ  داﻧﺪ، و از اﻳﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻣﻲ واﻗﻊ ﻛﻨﺪ از روﻳﻜﺮد ﻛﻨﻴﻢ ﮔﺮاﻳﻲ ﺧﺎم ﭘﺮﻫﻴﺰ .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Semiotics and Film Analysis: a Semiotic investigation of Turtles Can Fly

چکیده [English]

Semiotics is a method of textual analysis. The semiotic approach seeks to discover the mechanisms of production through language and representation. This paper aims to investigate semiotics and its application based on the analysis of a movie. For this purpose, initially, epistemological status of semiotics, known as social constructionism, and its philosophical implications, and theoretical consequences are explained. Then, the main themes of methodology of semiotics will be explained in the framework of social, cultural, and technical codes and language functions. In the concrete analysis of Turtles Can Fly, the epistemological explanation and themes of the first section are employed. Film semiotics does not consider art as mere reflection of reality and thus helps us avoid the approach of raw realism. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Semiotics
  • Representation
  • Signs
  • social constructionsm
  • codes
  • Turtles Can Fly (movie)