فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 .اﺳﺘﺎدﻳﺎر و ﻋﻀﻮ هیاتﻋﻠﻤﻲ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه آزاد اﺳﻼﻣﻲ واﺣﺪ ﻣﺒﺎرﻛﻪ

چکیده

در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﻮﺷﻴﺪه اﻳﻢ دو رﻣﺎن ﺷﺎزده اﺣﺘﺠﺎب و ﺑﺮه ﮔﻤﺸﺪه راﻋﻲ اﺛﺮ ﻫﻮﺷﻨﮓ ﮔﻠﺸﻴﺮی و ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎز40رﻣﺎن ﺳﻮوﺷﻮن ﺳﻴﻤﻴﻦ داﻧﺸﻮر را ﺑﺮ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﻳﻚ دوره ﺧﺎص ﻳﻌﻨﻲ دﻫﻪ  ﺧﻮاﻧﻲ ﻛﻨﻴﻢ. اﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن را ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮان ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻏﺮﺑﺰدﮔﻲ ﻧﺎﻣﻴﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻮﺗﻴﻔﻬﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻔﻲ اﺳﺖ از ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺣﺴﺮت ﺑﺮ ﺳﻨﺖ و از دﺳﺖ رﻓﺘﻦ ﻳﻜﭙﺎرﭼﮕﻲ آن؛ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﺮ روﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮ ﻃﺮﻓﺪار ﻏﺮب و ﻛﻮﺷﺶ ﺑﺮای دادن ﺗﻌﺮﻳﻔﻲ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ از او، ﺑﻴﺰاری از ﻏﺮب و ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ وﻳﺮاﻧﻴﻬﺎ و ﻣﺼﻴﺒﺘﻬﺎ ﭼﻪ ﻣﺎدی و ﭼﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻮی داﻧﺴﺘﻦ آن و از اﻳﻦ ﻗﺒﻴﻞ .ﻣﺘﻨﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻠﻴﻪ اﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺗﻴﻨﻬﺎ را در ﺧﻮد ﻣﺘﺒﻠﻮر ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ، ﻛﺘﺎب ﻏﺮﺑﺰدﮔﻲ ﺟﻼل آل اﺣﻤﺪ اﺳﺖ .در اﻳﻦ ﻛﺘﺎب آل اﺣﻤﺪ ﻧﺸﺎن ﻣﻲ دﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻏﺮب از ﻫﻤﺎن آﻏﺎز ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮی اش در ﺻﺪد ﺿﺮﺑﻪ زدن و ﻧﺎﺑﻮد ﻛﺮدن ﺟﻬﺎن اﺳﻼم ﺑﻮده اﺳﺖ؛ و در اﻳﻦ راه از اﻧﻮاع ﺣﺮﺑﻪ ﻫﺎ و دﺳﺎﺋﺲ و ﺗﻮﻃﺌﻪ ﻫﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻛﺮده اﺳﺖ .در ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ ﻏﺮب ﺑﺎ اﻳﻦ اﺑﺰار ﻛﻠﻴﺖ اﺳﻼﻣﻲ را ﻧﺎﺑﻮد ﻛﺮده اﺳﺖ .ﻧﺎﺑﻮدی اﻳﻦ ﻛﻠﻴﺖ در ﺳﻮوﺷﻮن ﺑﻪﺻﻮرت ﻧﺎﺑﻮدی ﺧﺎﻧﻮاده زری ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮد و در ﺑﺮه ﮔﻤﺸﺪه راﻋﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﭘﺮاﻛﻨﺪه ﺷﺪن ﮔﻠﻪ و از ﻫﻢ ﭘﺎﺷﻴﺪن ﻣﺠﻤﻮﻋﻪ و ﺑﻲ اﻋﺘﺒﺎر ﺷﺪن ﻋﻤﻞ ﭘﻴﺎم آوری.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Confronting the Other: A reading of three Persian novels in light of the Westoxification discourse

نویسندگان [English]

  • yusef abazari 1
  • shapoor Behian 2

1 Tehran university

2 Follad mobarake Azad Eslami

چکیده [English]

In this article we have examined three novels, all written in the 1340’s, including Savashun written by Simin  Daneshvar, The Lost Lamb of Raie and Prince Ehtejab written by Hushang Golshiri. We have read these novels against the backdrop of the Westoxification discourse, which embodies nostalgic feelings towards tradition and its lost integrity, condemnation of pro-West intellectuals, hatred towards the West as the producer of material and spiritual destruction. The writings of Al-Ahmad often show that the West, from the outset, has tried to degrade and destroy the Islamic world and for this aim has exploited various means and conspiracies, and has in fact succeeded in destroying Islamic totality. This destruction of Islamic totality has been depicted through the destruction of Zari’s family in Savashun and the dispersal of the herd in The Lost Lamb of Raie, and in the disorganization and re-evaluation of messages found in all three novels.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Westoxification
  • Islamic totality
  • West
  • East
  • tradition
  • Family
  • machine
  • great ownership