فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسنده

رئیس دانشکده زبانهای خارجی و مطالعات بینافرهنگی، دانشگاه باقرالعلوم، قم

چکیده

اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮ آن اﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻻﻛﻼ و ﻣﻮف ﻛﻪ ﭼﺎرﭼﻮﺑﻲ ﺑﺮای ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻧﻈﺎم ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ـ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ اﺳﺖ ﻧﺸﺎن دﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻈﺎم ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﺎﻛﻢ ﺑﺮ ﻳﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻت ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ای ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻬﺎی ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ را ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ و ﺑﺪان واﺳﻄﻪ در واﻗﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎزﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺧﻮد در ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮدازد .در ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﻣﺎن ﻣﻘﺪم ﺑﻪ «ﭘﺎرﺗﻲ» اﻳﻦ راﺳﺘﺎ، ﺑﺨﺸﻬﺎﻳﻲ از ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ و اﻳﻦ ﺳﺆاﻻت ﻣﻄﺮح ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ اﻳﻦ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ در ﭼﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ای ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺷﺪه و ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ اﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎی ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻲ در ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ .در ﻧﻬﺎﻳﺖ، ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻻﻛﻼ و ﻣﻮف1 ﻓﻀﺎی ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎﻧﻲ ﺣﺎﻛﻤﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻴﻠﻢ را ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﻛﺮده اﺳﺖ و ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ اﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ در ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻣﻮرد ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻗﺮار ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ .ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮر ﻛﻠﻲ ﻫﺪف از ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ اﻳﻦ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻧﺸﺎن دﻫﺪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ ﺑﺮای ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﭘﺪﻳﺪه ﻫﺎی اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ و ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻻت ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎر ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺷﻮد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A discourse analysis of socio-political films: A glance at Saman Moqaddam’s “Party”

نویسنده [English]

  • Seyed ali asqar soltani

bagherololm university

چکیده [English]


On the basis of Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory, which is a framework to study socio-political discourse, this paper seeks to show how dominant social discourses reproduce themselves through cultural products such as films. To do so, parts of the film ‘Party’ by Saman Moqaddam are studied as an example. The main questions asked in this paper are: What social discourse/discourses produced the film? And, how is this social space represented in the film? Finally, through analyzing and describing both the dominant social space and the film, the paper tries to put the film in a bigger social context and show how discourse theory can help us to study cultural products such films.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Discourse Analysis
  • socio-political films
  • “Party”
  • Saman Moqaddam