فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه اهواز چمران

2 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور

چکیده

 
 
ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺟﻐﺮاﻓﻴﺎﻳﻲ اﻃﻼﻋـﺎت اﺳـﺖ   .ﭘـﮋوﻫﺶ ﺣﺎﺿـﺮ ﻛـﻪتوصیفی وﻣﻘﻄﻌﻲ اﺳﺖ، ﺗﻼش ﻛﺮده ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از دو روش ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮا و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ اﺳﺘﻨﺎدی ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ ﻛﻤ و  «آﻓﺘﺎب ﻳـﺰد  » ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻘﻲ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ    ﻫﺎی اﺻﻠﻲ ﻣﻮرد ﺑﺤﺚ در اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ دو روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺸﻮری            ﺑﭙﺮدازد و ﺑﻪ ﺳﺆاﻻﺗﻲ از ﻗﺒﻴﻞ:ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت ﻣﺤﻮری ﻣـﻮرد ﺑﺤـﺚ در اﻳـﻦ دو    1385در ﺗﻴﺮﻣﺎه    «ﻛﻴﻬﺎن»روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺪاﻣﻨﺪ؟ اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺣﻮل ﭼﻪ اﻓﺮاد و ﭼﻪ ﻛﺸﻮرﻫﺎﻳﻲ دور ﻣﻲ  زﻧﺪ؟ وﺿﻌﻴﺖ اﺳﺘﻨﺎد   ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﺒﺮی در اﻳﻦ دو روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ اﺳﺖ؟ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺪام ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﺧﺒﺮی داﺧﻠﻲ و ﺧﺎرﺟﻲ ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ اﺳﺘﻨﺎد  ﺗﻔﺎوﺗﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻫـﻢ دارﻧـﺪ؟ آﻳـﺎ    ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ؟  آﻳﺎ اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻣﻨﺪرج در روزﻫﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ از ﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻤیت اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﻣﻨﺪرج در دو روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﻮرد ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻔﺎوت دارﻧﺪ؟ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ دﻫﺪ. 
ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎن داد ﻛﻪ دو روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻴﻬﺎن و آﻓﺘﺎب  ﻳﺰد از ﻧﻈﺮ ﻧﻮع ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﺧﺒﺮی، داﻣﻨﻪ و ﻣﻮﺿﻮع، ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ     اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﻲ و ﺗﻮزﻳـﻊ آن در روزﻫـﺎی ﻫﻔﺘـﻪ ﺑـﺎ      ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻨﺎد،   ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ اﺷﺨﺎص ﺧﺒﺮﺳﺎز، ﻛﻤیت  ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ   .آﻓﺘﺎب ﻳﺰد ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮح ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ و ﻣﺸﻜﻼت داﺧﻠـﻲ ﻛﺸـﻮر و ﻧﻘـﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻜـﺮد      دوﻟﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ دارد، درﺣﺎﻟﻲ ﻛﻪ ﻛﻴﻬﺎن ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮح ﺳﻴﺎﺳﺖ ﺧﺎرﺟﻲ اﻳﺮان و دﻳﮕـﺮ ﻛﺸـﻮرﻫﺎ ﭘﺮداﺧﺘـﻪ       اﺳﺖ .از ﻧﻈﺮ اﻃﻼﻋ  ﺎت اراﺋﻪ   ﺷﺪه در ﻣـﻮرد ﻛﺸـﻮرﻫﺎ ﻫـﺮ دو روزﻧﺎﻣـﻪ ﺑـﻪ ﻛﺸـﻮرﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﻳﻜﺴـﺎن اﻟﺒﺘـﻪ ﺑـﺎ     ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺒﻬﺎی ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ    اﻧﺪ .ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ  آﻳﺪ دﻟﻴﻞ ﺗﻔﺎوﺗﻬﺎی ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪه ﺷﺪه در اﺧﺒﺎر و اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ  دو روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﻴﻬﺎن و آﻓﺘﺎب ﻳﺰد ﻧﺎﺷﻲ از واﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺟﻨﺎﺣﻲ ﻣﺘﻀﺎد اﻳﻦ دو روزﻧﺎﻣﻪ و ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻊ آن ﻧﮕﺮﺷـﻬﺎ

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Geo-political Information: Comparing Newspapers headlines and Political Information in the Newspapers Aftabe Yazd and Kayhan during the month of Tir, 1385

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahed Bigdeli 1
  • firoz zare farashbandi 2

1 ahmaz university

2 Jondi shapoor Ahvaz

چکیده [English]

One of the key issues related to the area of «information geopolitics» is discussions about information flow in various societies and the visible and invisible powers governing it. Using library surveys and content analysis methodologies, this descriptive, cross-sectional research attempts to quantitatively and comparatively study the main issues discussed in the political pages of two Iranian newspapers Aftab-e-Yazd and Kayhan in 1385 (Tir month). The questions posed are as follows: Which key subjects are discussed in these newspapers? What people and countries are focused on in the political pages? How are news resources cited in these newspapers? Which national and international news resources are most often cited? Is the political information published on various days quantitatively different? Is there any significant difference in the political news published in these two newspapers? The findings showed that Aftab-e-Yazd and Kayhan newspapers were different in terms of news coverage, range and subject, resources cited, focus on newsmaker individuals, quantity of political information and news distribution during week-days. While Aftab-e-Yazd pays more attention to the internal challenges and problems inside Iran, while being more critical about the government’s performance, Kayhan pays more consideration to the foreign policy of Iran and other countries. In terms of the information offered, both have considered focus on the same countries, though differently. Presumably, one can conclude that the reason for the observed differences in news and political information of these two newspapers is due to opposite political party dependency. This, in turn, affects their political attitudes and interests, and their selection and publication of political news

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • geo-political information
  • Kayhan newspaper
  • Aftab Yazd newspaper
  • political information
  • Content Analysis
  • documentary analysis