فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 اﺳﺘﺎدﻳﺎر ﮔﺮوه ﻋﻠﻮم اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه اصفهان

2 دانشگاه اصفهان

چکیده

     ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻨﺠﺶ ﻣﻴﺰان اﺣﺴﺎس ﺷﺎدی ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎن ﺧﺎﻧﻮارﻫﺎی ﺷﻬﺮ اﺻﻔﻬﺎن و زﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﻫﺎی ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ از ﺟﻤﻠﻪ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ، ﺳﺒﻜﻬﺎی ﻓﺮاﻏﺘﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ )ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ـ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ـ ﻫﻨﺮی، ورزﺷﻲ و  (...و ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ دﻳﻨﺪاری ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻳﻜﻲ از ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ ﻫﺎی ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﻲ ﭘﺮدازد، ﻳﻚ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ (ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ 1386 ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ از ﻧﻈﺮ وﺳﻌﺖ ﭘﻬﻨﺎﻧﮕﺮ و از ﻧﻈﺮ زﻣﺎﻧﻲ، ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻲ اﺳﺖ )ﻧﻴﻤﻪ دوم ﺳﺎلآﻣﺎری آن ﻛﻠﻴﺔ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎن ﺧﺎﻧﻮارﻫﺎی ﺷﻬﺮ اﺻﻔﻬﺎن ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ و ﺣﺠﻢ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻘﺘﻀﻲ ﺑﺮاﺳﺎس ﻓﺮﻣﻮل ﻧﻔﺮ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ .ﺑﻪ 384ﻛﻮﻛﺮان،  ﻃﻮری ﻛﻪ ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ ﻃﺮاﺣﻲ ﺷﺪه ﺑﺎ رواﻳﻲ  ﺳﺎزه ﻫﺎی ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻃﺒﻖ ﺿﺮﻳﺐ آﻟﻔﺎی ﻛﺮوﻧﺒﺎخ (ﺑﺮ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮارﻫﺎی ﻫﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻪ در ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻃﻖ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺷﻬﺮ اﺻﻔﻬﺎن ﺗﻮزﻳﻊ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ.  ﺑﺮاﺳﺎس ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ از روﺷﻬﺎی آﻣﺎری ﻣﻮرد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده، ﻣﻴﺰان ﺷﺎدی ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎن ﺧﺎﻧﻮار در ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﻮده، ﺑﻪ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ56/23اﺻﻔﻬﺎن ﻌﺪ اﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ ﺷﺎدی بعد ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ 59/37  ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺑ و 53/88 ، ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺑوده اﺳﺖ 27/57 اﺳﺖ .ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ در ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻮرد ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ 55/42ﻌﺪ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ آن ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ دارای ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﺣﺪ و ﻛﺴﺐ ﻣﺪارک ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ دارای ﻛﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ 31/89 ﻛﻪ ﻛﺴﺐ ﻣﻬﺎرﺗﻬﺎی ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴین 31/68  است. ( ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ دارا ﺑﻮدن وﺳﺎﻳﻞ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ در ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ آﻣﺎری ﻣﻮرد ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ 19/16)ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻼوه در ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺒﻜﻬﺎی ﻓﺮاﻏﺘﻲ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﺷﺪه ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻋﺎﻣﻠﻲ، ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ اوﻗﺎت ﻓﺮاﻏﺖ ﺧﺎﻧﻮادﮔﻲ و اوﻗﺎت 20/43، اوﻗﺎت ﻓﺮاﻏﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ـ ﻫﻨﺮی 28/01، اوﻗﺎت ﻓﺮاﻏﺖ ورزﺷﻲ36، اوﻗﺎت ﻓﺮاﻏﺖ ﺗﻔﻨﻨﻲ 53/78اﺳﺖ .ﺑﺮاﺳﺎس آﻣﺎرﻫﺎی ﻣﻮﺟﻮد اﮔﺮﭼﻪ ﻣﻴﺰان ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ و ﺳﺒﻜﻬﺎی ﻓﺮاﻏﺘﻲ 15/34ﻓﺮاﻏﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ ـ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ در ﺑﻴﻦ ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎن ﻣﻴﺎﻧﮕﻴﻦ ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻨﻲ دارد اﻣﺎ ﻫﻤﻮاره ﺑﺎ اﺣﺴﺎس ﺷﺎدﻣﺎﻧﻲ آﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻤﺒﺴﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮری ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲ رﺳﺪ ﺑﺎ اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ آﻧﻬﺎ ﻣﻴﺰان ﺷﺎدی ﻧﻴﺰ اﻓﺰاﻳﺶ ﻣﻲ ﻳﺎﺑﺪ .از ﺳﻮی دﻳﮕﺮ دﻳﻨﺪاری ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻳﻜﻲ از ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪهای ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ در ﺷﻬﺮ اﺻﻔﻬﺎن ﺑﺎ اﺣﺴﺎس ﺷﺎدی ﺳﺮﭘﺮﺳﺘﺎن ﺧﺎﻧﻮار راﺑﻄﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ دار و ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Culture and Happiness: A Theoretical and Empirical study on attitudes of heads of households towards everyday life in Isfahan

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali Rabani khorasegani 1
  • ali rabani 2
  • Mohammadreza Abedi 2

1 esfahan University

2 esfahan university

چکیده [English]

This article measures the feeling of happiness amongst heads of households in Isfahan in relation to their cultural life such as cultural capital, ways of spending leisure time (scientific, artistic, sports etc) as well as religiosity as a cultural component. This extensive survey was carried out during one period in the second half of 1386. This study consisted of all heads of families in Isfahan with a sample size of 384, calculated using Cockran’s formula. The questionnaire used had a suitable reliability of evaluation within various districts of Isfahan. The results reveal that the degree of happiness among heads of families is 56.23 with an average of emotional dimension of happiness at 59.38, the average of cognitive happiness 53.88, the average of social happiness 55.42. In addition, the average of cultural capital was 27.57 in which cultural skills had the highest rank with an average of 31.89. Obtaining cultural documentation had the lowest average with a mean of 19.16.  Furthermore the mean of ownership of cultural instruments was 31.68.  In addition, among various leisure styles identified using factor analysis, family leisure time was 53.78, entertainment leisure time 36, sport leisure time 28.01, artistic cultural leisure time 20.43 and cultural scientific leisure time 15.34. According to these results although the average of cultural capital and cultural leisure time style among heads of families is low it is usually associated with their feeling of happiness so that they increase reciprocally. On the other hand religiosity as a cultural characteristic of Isfahan has a direct and meaningful inter-relation with the feeling of happiness

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cultural Capital
  • happiness
  • leisure times
  • religiosity
  • emotional definitions
  • cognitive definitions