فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻨﻈﻮر ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺔ ﺷﻴﻮة رﻓﺘﺎر اﻓﺮاد در ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻣﺠﺎزی اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ، اﻳﻦ ﺳﺆال ﻣﻄﺮح اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻓﻀﺎی ﻣﺠﺎزی اﺗﺎﻗﻬﺎی ﮔﭗ  زﻧﻲ ﻣﺒﺘﻨﻲ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺘﻦ در اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ ﮔﻤﻨﺎم ﭼﻪ ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮی ﺑﺮ روی ﺷﻴﻮه ﺧﻮد ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ اﻇﻬﺎری   ﻛﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎن دارد؟ ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎرت دﻳﮕﺮ آﻳﺎ اﻳﻦ ﻧﻮع ارﺗﺒﺎط ﻣﻤﻜﻦ اﺳﺖ ﻣﻮﺟﺐ ﺧﻮد ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ اﻓﺸﺎﻳﻲ و ﺑﺮوز رﻓﺘﺎرﻫﺎی ﺻﻤﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻴﻦ   ﮔﺮان ﺑﺸﻮد؟  ﺑﺮای ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ اﻳﻦ ﺳﺆال ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﭘﺮدازش اﻃﻼﻋﺎت اﺟﺘﻤﺎ ﻋﻲ"واﻟﺘﺮ ﺟﻮزف " ﻳﻚ ﻣﺪل ﻧﻈﺮی اراﺋﻪ ﺷﺪ و از آن ﻣﺪل ﭼﻬﺎر ﻓﺮﺿﻴﻪ اﺳﺘﺨﺮاج ﮔﺮدﻳﺪ . ﺑﺮای آزﻣﻮن ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺎت از روش ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻳﺸﻲ ﺑﻪ وﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﻪ آن ﺷﺪ ﻻﻳﻦ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده  .داده ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ ﺣﺎﺻﻞ از ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ   ﻫﺎ ﻧﺸﺎن ﻣﻲ ﻋﺪم دﻫﺪ ﻛﻪ  ﮔﭗ ﺣﻀﻮر ﻓﻴﺰﻳﻜﻲ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان در اﺗﺎﻗﻬﺎی  ﺗ زﻧﻲ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺑﻨﻴﺎن در اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﻧﻪ  ﻨﻬﺎ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺗﺒﺎدل ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻬﺎی اﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ و اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ  ﮔﺮان ﻧﺨﻮاﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮاﻧﻲ ﻛﻪ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺣﻀﻮر ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮی در اﻳﻦ اﺗﺎﻗﻬﺎ دارﻧﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻛﺴﺐ ﺗﻮاﻧﺎﻳﻲ در ﺗﺒﺎدل ﭘﻴﺎم در ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺘﻦ ﻳﺎد ﻣﻲ  ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻫﺎی  رو ﻛﻼﻣﻲ و ﻛﻼﻣﻲ در ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎت  در اﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ رو را ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از  ت ﻣﻮﺟﻮد در اﺗﺎﻗﻬﺎی ﮔﭗ ﺑﻪ زﻧﻲ ﻣﺘﻦ ﺑﻨﻴﺎن   رﻣﺰ ﺻﻮرت ﻣﺘﻦ درآورده و ﺑﺎ  رﻣﺰ ﮔﺬاری و   ﮔﺸﺎﻳﻲ اﻳﻦ ﭘﻴﺎﻣﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﺎدل وﻳﮋﮔﻴﻬﺎی ﺷﺨﺼﻴﺘﻲ و اﺣﺴﺎﺳﺎت ﺧﻮد ﺑﭙﺮدازﻧﺪ .در ﺑﻪ اﻳﻦ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان   ﻫﻤﺎن   ﺣﺎل ﻛﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺖ زﻣﺎن ﺗﻮاﻧﺎﻳﻲ ﺗﺒﺎدل ﭘﻴﺎم در ﻗﺎﻟﺐ ﻣﺘﻦ را ﻣﻲ ﺑﻪ آﻣﻮزﻧﺪ،   ﮔﻤﻨﺎﻣﻲ واﺳﻄﺔ   در اﻳﻦ اﺗﺎﻗﻬﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎزی ﻧﻘﺶ و ﺧﻮد  اﻓﺸﺎﻳﻲ ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ و ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎن آﻧﭽﻪ ﻛﻪ در دﻧﻴﺎی واﻗﻌﻲ اﻣﻜﺎن ﺑﺎزﮔﻮ ﻛﺮدﻧﺶ را ﻧﺪارﻧﺪ، زﻣﻴﻨﺔ ﺑﺮﻗﺮاری ارﺗﺒﺎط در ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﻣﺠﺎزی را ﺑﺮای ﺷﻜﻞ  ﮔﻴﺮی رواﺑﻂ ﺻﻤﻴﻤﺎﻧﻪ آﻣﺎده ﻣﻲ ﺳﺎزﻧﺪ.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Study of the Behavior of Individuals in the Virtual Space: Formation of Friendly relationship in the Chat Rooms

نویسندگان [English]

  • alireza Dehghan 1
  • mersedeh nikbakhsh 2

1 Tehran university

2 M.A Tehran university

چکیده [English]

  In this paper to study of the behavior of individuals in the virtual space these questions are asked: what effect the virtual space of the chat rooms, as an anonymous text-based space, has on the ways of self-expressions of the participants? In a other words, could this kind of relation lead to self- disclosure and friendly behaviors between the participants? To answer the question by deploying theory of social information processing of " Joseph Walter " a theoretical model has been framed from which four hypotheses have been extracted. To evaluate these hypotheses the survey using online questionnaire has been used. The results show that the physical absence of participants not only cannot prevent them  to interact emotional and social messages but also those experienced ones  by using  the skill necessary learn how to change the verbal and non-verbal signs  in face to face interaction to the text and to communicate their personal and emotional traits. Similarly, the participants simultaneously learn disclose and play their role and make it as the best opportunity to state what they can't state in the real world

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • anonymousness
  • chat rooms
  • Computer-mediated communication
  • internet friendly relationships
  • self-disclosu
  • self- expressions
  • Virtual Space