نویسندگان

1 معاون پژوهشی

2 کارشناس ارشد دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺳﻌﻲ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ    ﺗـﺼﻮﻳﺮ  زن در آﺛـﺎر      ” ﺳـﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ رﺧـﺸﺎن ﺑﻨـﻲ    “اﻋﺘﻤـﺎد ﻳﻜـﻲ از ،    ،   ﻛﺎرﮔﺮداﻧﺎن زن ﻣﻄﺮح در ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎی اﻳـﺮان ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ ﺷـﻮد.  ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ ﻧﻘـﺶ ﺟﻨـﺴﻴﺖ   ﻛـﺎرﮔﺮدان در ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ زﻧﺎن و ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ آﻧﺎن    ﻳﻜﻲ از اﺑﻌﺎد اﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻲ   ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ اﻓﻖ ﺟﺪﻳﺪی در ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌـﺎت ﻣﺮﺑﻮط ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ زﻧﺎن در رﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎ را روﺷﻦﻛﻨﺪ. در  اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ   ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از    ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺎت ﻓﻤﻴﻨﻴـﺴﺘﻲ رﺳﺎﻧﻪ   ﻫﺎ و ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ  ﻓﻴﻠﻢ  ﻓﻤﻴﻨﻴﺴﺘﻲ  و  ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ  ﺑﻪ   ﻛﺎرﮔﻴﺮی رو ش ﺗﺤﻠﻴـﻞ ﻣـﺘﻦ از ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ ﺗﻜﻨﻴـﻚ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ   ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻠ    ﻴﻞ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻬﺎی ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ اﻳﻦ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﺴﺎز  ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ  اﻳﻢ .ازاﻳﻦ رو   ﺑﺮای ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ ﻣﻴـﺰان ﺗﺄ ﺛﻴﺮ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺖ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﺴﺎز ﻧﺤﻮ ﺑﺮ اﻳﻦ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ و ة زﻧﺎن ﻇﻬﻮر   ﻣﺮور ﻛﻮﺗﺎﻫﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤـﺎﻳﻲ ، ﻧﻘـﺶ زﻧﺎن در ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎی اﻳﺮان داﺷﺘﻪ    ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺨﺎﻧﻪ اﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ در اﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ روش ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ اﺳﻨﺎدی و   ای ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎر ﺑﺮده ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ. ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ”  آﻣﺎری ﻣﺎ در اﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻬﺎی ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ رﺧﺸﺎن ﺑﻨﻲ  اﺳﺖ “ اﻋﺘﻤﺎد ﻛﻪ اﻛﺮان ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ داﺷﺘﻪ   اﻧﺪ .  در اﻳﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ   ﺑـﺮ  ﺧـﻼف ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘـﺎت ﻗﺒﻠـﻲ، ﻋﻨـﺼﺮ ﺟﻨـﺴﻴﺖ ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ و ﻣﺸﺨﺺ  ﺷﺪه   ﻛﻪ در ﻛﻨﺎر ﺷﺮاﻳﻂ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻫﺮ دوره، ﺟﻨﺴﻴﺖ ﻛﺎرﮔﺮدان ﻧﻴﺰ در ﺑﺎزﻧﻤـﺎﻳﻲ ﻣـﺴﺎﺋﻞ ﮔﺮوﻫﻬﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ و از  ﺟﻤﻠﻪ زﻧﺎن، ﺗﺄ ﺛﻴﺮﮔﺬار اﺳﺖ .  اﻳﻦ اﻣـﺮ ﺣـﺎﻛﻲ از آن اﺳـﺖ    ﻛـﻪ زﻧـﺎن ﻣﻲ   ﺗﻮاﻧﻨﺪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺆ ﺛﺮی در ﻃﺮح ﻣﺴﺎﺋﻞ  ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ    زﻧﺎن ﺑﺎﺷﻨﺪ و ﻓﺎرغ از ﻓﺮاﻫﻢ ﺑﻮدن ﺷﺮاﻳﻂ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ در ﺟﻬﺖ ﺑﻴﺎن ﺣﺮﻓﻬﺎ و ﺧﻮاﺳﺘﻪ ﻫﺎیﺧﻮد ﺑﭙﺮدازﻧﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ دﻗﻴﻖ زﻧﺎن در ﻓﻴﻠﻤﻬﺎﻳﺸﺎن .  

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Portray of women in Bani - Etemad’s Cinema

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azam ravadrad 1
  • moleki sedigh khodaki 2

1 Research Assistant

2 M.A Tehran university

چکیده [English]

In this article the image of woman is examined in works of Rakhshan Bani Etemad, one of important female directors of Iranian cinema. The examination of the role of director’s gender in representation of women and their issues is one of this article’s aspects which can throw some light on studies of women representation in media. In this article, taking the theoretical framework of feminist media studies, the movies made by this director are analysed using content analysis and semiotics. Moreover, in order to examine the effect of gender on the representation of women, a breif scetch is made on the representation of women in Iranian cinema in general, for which doccumentary method is used. The movies examined in this article are those released for public. In this study, in contrast to the previeus ones, gender is examined as a factor which along with social conditions, affects the way social groups, like women are represented. This shows that women can be a more effective factor in proposing women issues which regardless of social conditions, will closely represent woemn in order to state their issues and demands

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cinema
  • criticism
  • film analysis
  • fiminist
  • media
  • Rakhshan Bani - Etemad
  • Semiotics