فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه تهران

2 هیات علمی

چکیده

در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻫ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮر ﺧﺎص ﺑﺮ ﻴﺌﺘ دﻫ ﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﻛﻪ در ﺔ ﻋﻨﻮان ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ”  اﺧﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ  “ ﺳﺒﻚ در ﻣﺪاﺣﻲ و ﻋﺰاداری ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻪ ﺷﺪه و اﻧﺪ ﺑﺮ ﺗ ﻃﻴﻒ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎن آﻧﻬﺎ، ﺄ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻴﺪ ﺷﺪه  .اﻳ ﻣﺒﻨﺎی ﺗﺌﻮرﻳﻚ   ﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺎت ﻛﻠﻴﻔﻮرد ﮔﻴﺮ ﺗﺰ)ﺑﻪ دﻳﻦ     ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ”ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ (از “ ﻧﻈﺎم ﺑﻮده و  اﻧﺴﺎن روﺷﻬﺎی   ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮی اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ .  ﻫﻴﺌﺘ ﻣﻲ ﻬﺎ را   ﺗﻮان ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺟﻤﺎﻋﺖ دﻳﻨﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎتاﻏﻠﺐ داﻧﺴﺖ ﺷﻬﺮی  .ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎن ﻃﻴﻒ   اﻳﻦ ً ﻫﻴﺌ ﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻤﻼ ﻣﺘﻨﻮع ﺑﺴﻴﺎر   ﺗﺮ از ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎن ﻣﺴﺎﺟﺪ اﺳﺖ .ﻧﻴﻤﺔ د دوم   70 ﻫﻪ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺴﺘﺮش ﭼﺸﻤﮕﻴﺮ ﻫﻴﺌ ﺘﻬﺎی"ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺳﺒﻚ "  و ﻣﺤﺘﻮای آﻧﻬﺎ در ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎی ﺷﻬﺮی و ﮔﺮاﻳﺶ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن ﺑﻪ آﻧﻬﺎ ﻫﻤﺮاه ﺑﻮد اﺳﺖ ه  .ﻣ در ﻫﻴ ﺠﻤﻮع اﻣﺮوزه ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻛﺮﺑﻼ و ﺌﺘ ﻓﻀﺎﻫﺎ ﻬﺎی ﻋﺰاداری در ﺳﺒﻚ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ آن در  ی ﺷﻬﺮی ﺑﺨﺶ اﺻﻠﻲ و ﻛﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺘ ﻓﺮودﺳﺖ ﻬﺎی دﻳﻨﻲ ﻣﺮدم و ﺑﺎﻻﺧﺺ ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن را ﺷﻬﺮی   ﺗﺸﻜﻴﻞ ﻣﻲ دﻫﺪ .ﻣﻬﻢ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻛﺮﺑﻼ در اﻳﻦ اﻗﺸﺎر  اﺻﻠﻲ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن دﻳﻨﻲ آﻧﻬﺎﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﭼﺎرﭼﻮب   ﻧﮕﺎه دﻳﻨﻲ آﻧﻬﺎ در ﻓﻬﻢ و ﺑﺮداﺷﺖآﻧﻬﺎ ﻋ از ﻣﺬﻫﺐ ﺗﺸﻴﻊ و ﺑﺎورﻫﺎ و ﻣﻨﺎﺳﻚ آن و ﺑﺮ ﻤﻞ    ﻣﺒﻨﺎی اﻳﻦ ﻓﻬﻢ را ﻓﺮاﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﻛﻨﺪ .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Azadari Ritual and Karbala Discourse in Religiosity of Subordinate Citizen Strata

نویسندگان [English]

  • ebrahim fayyaz 1
  • jabar Rahmani 2

1 Tehran univesity

2 elmi

چکیده [English]

This paper specifically focuses on heyatha which are known as “new style” in maddahi and azadari in the recent decades as well as on their audience. The theoretical foundations of the research is used from anthropological interpretive methodology of  cliford Girtz. Heyatha could be seen as religious crowd possessing urban features. The range of their audience is far more various than those of mosques. The second half of the 1990s decade experienced the tremendous expanding of “ new style” heyatha and their content in the urban space as well as acute youths attitude to them. In general, today this new discourse has dominated azadari in the  urban space particularly the subordinate youths centers. The Karbala discourse is the most important religious discourse which provides them with the main religious framework to make sense Shiite and its ritual and action based on this sense. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • azadari heyat
  • azadari discourse
  • karbala discourse
  • moharram discourse
  • relig ion
  • Shiite
  • youths religiosity