نویسنده

دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ درﺑﺎرة راﺑﻄﻪ و ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮ رﺳﺎﻧﻪ  ﻫﺎ)ﺑﻪ  ﺧﺼﻮص ﺗﻠﻮﻳﺰﻳﻮن (اﺳﺖ و ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل در اﻳﺮان  .  در اﻳـﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ رﺳﺎﻧﻪ ای و واﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل از ﻳﻜﺪﻳﮕﺮ ﺗﻔﻜﻴﻚ ﺷﺪه اﻧﺪ  ،       و ﺳﻌﻲ ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ رواﻳـﺖ رﺳـﺎﻧﻪ  ای ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل در اﻳﺮان ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻒ و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﺷﻮد   .   ﺑﺪﻳﻦ ﻣنظور ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن رﺳﺎﻧﻪ  ای ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل در اﻳﺮان ﺑﻪ   ﻣﺜﺎﺑـﻪ ﭘـﺎره ای  ازﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن رﺳﻤﻲ    ﺣﻜﻮﻣﺖ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﺷﺪهاﺳﺖ   و ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ داده اﻳﻢ ﻛﻪ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ اﻳﻦ ﮔﻔﺘﻤﺎن ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ ﻫـﺎی ﺑﺎزﻧﻤـﺎﻳﻲ ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل در رﺳﺎﻧﻪ  ﻫﺎی اﻳﺮان را ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ .    ﺑﺮای ﺗﺤﻘﻖ اﻳﻦ ﻣﻮﺿـﻮع، اﺑﺘـﺪا ﺑـﻪ ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ ﻧﻈـﺮی ﻣﻔﻬـﻮم ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل از ﻣﻨﻈﺮ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ   اﻳﻢ و ﺑﺎ ﺑﺮرﺳـﻲ ﺗـﺎرﻳﺨﻲ  ـ      اﺟﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻲ ﻓﻮﺗﺒـﺎل، ﻛﺎرﻛﺮدﻫـﺎی ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﻲ و اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ اﻳﻦ ورزش ﺑﺮا ی رﺳﺎﻧﻪ  ﻫﺎ را ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ داده اﻳﻢ . ﺳﭙﺲ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﭼﺎﻟﺸﻬﺎی ﻧﻈﺮی ﻛـﻪ ﺑـﻴﻦ ﻓﻮﺗﺒـﺎل ﺑﻪ    ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ورزش ﻣﺪرن و ﻋﺮﻓﻲ ﺷﺪه ﺑـﺎ ﺟﻤﻬـﻮری اﺳـﻼﻣﻲ  ﺑـﻪ    ﻣﻨنزلهﻧﻈـﺎم ﺳﻴﺎﺳـﻲ دﻳﻨـﻲ و ﺳـﻨﺘﻲ ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ اﻳﻢ  ،   و ﻋﻠﻞ و دﻻﻳﻞ و ﺷﻴﻮة ﺗﻮﺟﻪ رﺳﺎﻧﻪ ﻫﺎی دوﻟﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ اﻳﻦ ﺑﺎزی ورزﺷﻲ را ﺷﺮح داده اﻳﻢ .    ﺑـﻪ اﻳـﻦ منظور ﻧﺤﻮة ﺑﺎزﻧﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﺆﻟﻔﻪ   ﻫﺎی ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ورزﺷﻜﺎران، اﺳـﺘﺎدﻳﻮم، زﻣـﻴﻦ ﺑـﺎزی، ﻛـﺎرﮔﺰاران)  ﻣﺮﺑﻴـﺎن، ﻣﺪﻳﺮان(   ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﭼﻴﺎن، ﻣﺮدم و ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺎت ﺧﺎرﺟﻲ را ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻛﺮده ، اﻳﻢ . اﻳﻦ ﻣﺒﺤـﺚ در ﭘـﻨﺞ ﺑﺨـﺶ ﻣﺘﻔـﺎوت ﺳﺎﻣﺎن داده ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ  .  ﻧﺨﺴﺖ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ، ﻛﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻃـﺮح ﻣـﺴﺌﻠﻪ و ﺑﻴـﺎن ﻣﻼﺣﻈـﺎت روش   ﺷـﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ و ﻧﻈـﺮی ﻣﻲ   ﭘﺮدازد؛ دوم، ﻣﻔﻬﻮم ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل ﻛﻪ ﺑﺴﺘﺮ و ﻣﻀﺎﻣﻴﻦ ﺗﺎرﻳﺨﻲ و اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ اﻳﻦ ﺑﺎزی را ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻣﻲ   ﻛﻨﺪ؛ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺳﻮم ﺑﻪ راﺑﻄﺔ رﺳﺎﻧﻪ   ﻫﺎ و ﻓﻮﺗﺒﺎل اﺧﺘﺼﺎص دارد؛ ﺑﺨﺶ ﭼﻬﺎرم درﺑﺎرة راﺑﻄﺔ ﻓﻮﺗﺒـﺎل و رﺳـﺎﻧﻪ  ﻫـﺎ در اﻳـﺮان اﺳﺖ، و آﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺧﻼﺻﺔ ﺑﺨﺸﻬﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ و ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﺸﻬﺎداﺗﻲ ﺑﺮای ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎت ﺑﻴﺸﺘﺮ اﺳﺖ

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Representation of Football or Its Reality? A Perspective on Mediasation of Football in Iran

نویسنده [English]

  • nematollah fazeli

Allameh tabatabaei

چکیده [English]

This paper examines the relationships between media (in particular television) and football in Iran. This paper differentiates the media representation of football from the reality of football. An attempt has been made to provide an account of mediaised narrative of football created by Iranian media and televisions. To do so, the Iranian media discourse of football has been considered and examined as part of the grand official discourse of the state and it is demonstrated how the state discourse determines the football representation in the media. To provide a theoretical and comparative ground, first I have examined what is football and how it should be socially approached? Then, the socio-historical context of football is explained and socio-political functions of football for the media are examined. Then, the theoretical challenges between football as a modern and secular sport with the Islamic Republic of Iran as a religious and tradition state are explained. Then, I have argued why despite huge political and theoretical gap and contraction between the state and football are massively broadcasting and investing on football. Then, I have described how Iranian state media represent footballers, football fans, spectators, stadiums, coaches, football clubs, and matches. At the end, some research agenda are suggested.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Football
  • mediasation
  • media football
  • Representation