فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسنده

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ﻧﻮﻳﺴﻨﺪه ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮآن اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ در ﺑﻴﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﺗـﺐ ﻣﺘﻌـﺪد آﻛﺎدﻣﻴـﻚ و ﻏﻴـﺮ  آﻛﺎدﻣﻴـﻚ ﺟﺎﻣﻌـﻪ  ﺷﻨﺎﺳـﻲ و   ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ  ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ، ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎت اﻧﺘﻘﺎدی زﻧﺪﮔﻲ روزﻣﺮه ﺑﻴﺶ از اﻧﻮاع دﻳﮕﺮ آن و ﻣﺴﺘﺪل  ﺗﺮ و ﺧﻮﺷـﺒﻴﻨﺎﻧ ﻪ  ﺗـﺮ از   ﻧﺤﻠ ﻪﻫﺎی راﻳﺠﻲ ﻧﻈﻴﺮ ﭘﺴﺖ  ﻣﺪرﻧﻴﺴﻢ ﻗﺎدر ﺑﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ و ﺑﺮﻣﻼ ﻛﺮدن وﺟﻮه ﻣﺜﺒﺖ و ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨـﮓ ﻳﻚ ﻣﻠﺖ اﺳ ﺖ .از ﺟﻤﻠﻪ دﻻﻳﻞ اﻳﻦ ادﻋﺎ اﺗﻜﺎء اﻳﻦ ﻧﻮع داﻧﺶ ﺑﺮ رﻓﺘﺎر ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻲ و اﺧﻼﻗـﻲ اﺳـﺖ ﻛـﻪ ﻫـﺮ دو ران     ﻳﻜﻲ ﻣ ﻲ داﻧﺪ و ﺑﺮای ﺗﺮوﻳﺞ رﻓﺘﺎرﻫﺎی اﺧﻼﻗﻲ و ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻴﺎن رشته ای ﺷﺪن ﻋﻠﻮم اﻧﺴﺎﻧﻲ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﺎور  دارد .از ﺟﻤﻠﺔ اﻳﻦ ﻋﻠﻮم ﻛﻪ ﻣﻜﻤﻞ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻣ ﻲ ﺷﻮﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﻓﻬﻢ رواﺑﻂ اﺟﺘﻤـﺎﻋﻲ و ﺑـﻪ ﺗﺒـﻊ آن اﻳﺠـﺎد  ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات ﻣﺜﺒﺖ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﻤﻜﻦ ﺷﻮد، ﻫﻨﺮ اﺳﺖ .ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺎت اﻧﺘﻘﺎدی ﺑﻪ ﻛﻤﻚ ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﻫﺎی ﻫﻨـﺮی ﻣـﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧـﺪ  وﺟﻮه ﻣﺜﺒﺖ و ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ را ﺑﺸﻨﺎﺳﺪ و از اﻳﻦ راه اﻣﻜﺎن اﻳﺠﺎد ﺗﻐﻴﺮات ﻣﺜﺒﺖ را ﻓـﺮاﻫﻢ ﺳـﺎز د .ﻧﻤﻮﻧـﻪ  از ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎی اﻳﺮا  ن اﺳﺖ .از وﻳﮋﮔ ﻲ « ﻛﺎﻏﺬ ﺑ ﻲ  ﺧﻂ »ﻫﻨﺮی ﺑﺮﮔﺰﻳﺪه اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ، ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻫﺎی ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌـﺎت اﻧﺘﻘـﺎدی  زﻧﺪﮔﻲ روزﻣﺮه   اﻳﻤﺎن آن ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎی ﮔﺬاﺷﺘﻦ در ﻋﺮﺻﺔ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﮔﻔﺘﮕﻮ و اﺳﺘﺪﻻل اﺳﺖ؛ ﭼﻮن ﺑﺮ آن اﺳـﺖ    ﻛﻪ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ و اﺧﻼق اﻣﻮری آﺷﻜﺎر و ﻋﻴﺎن ﻧﻴﺴﺘﻨﺪ، ﺑﻠﻜﻪ ﺑﺎﻳﺪ ﺑﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﻪ و ﺑﺤﺚ ﺑﺮﻣﻼ ﺷـﻮﻧ ﺪ .اﻳـﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟـﻪ    ﺗﻼﺷﻲ اﺳﺖ ﺑﺮای ﮔﺸﻮدن ﺑﺎب ﺑﺤﺚ در ﻣﻮرد اﺧﻼق در ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Morality in the Iranian Culture: Critical Theory of Everyday Life and the Iranian Cinema

نویسنده [English]

  • laleh lajevardi

Tehran university

چکیده [English]

Everyday life is one of the building blocks of cultural studies. Many theorists have been trying to study the problems of everyday life critically، the area which has been neglected by the academic macro-micro sociologies. Succeeding schools of the 20th Century Philosophies and Sociologies criticize the previous ones for being too abstract. Trying to be more concrete، the modern schools of thought attempt to reach the bottom rock of people's dealing with the world. This challenge leads to the primacy of the critical study of everyday life in social thought. Critical theorists of everyday life such as Lefebvre insist that studying everyday life requires interdisciplinary theories and methods. One of the main tasks of sociologists is to represent the hidden potentialities of people to them by the help of art. In this way people will hopefully recognize the present conditions of their social world and try to change it and reach a more humane and ethical one. This essay tries to undertake this task by critically interpreting the representations of everyday life in one of the films of the Iranian Cinema، Unruled paper by Nasser Taghvayi.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Culture
  • Morality
  • everyday life
  • Cinema
  • philosophy
  • art
  • critical theory of everyday life