فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسنده

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺧﺼﻠﺘﻬﺎیﻋﻘﻼﻧ ﻴﺖ  ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ  درﺣﻮزه  ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ  اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ  ﻣﻮرد ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻗﺮار  ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ. اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از روﻳﻜﺮد ﻫﺎﺑﺮﻣﺎس  ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺖ ،  ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ  را ﺗﻮﺳﻌﻪ ﻋﺎﻣﻞ  ﻳﺎﻓﺘﮕﻲ ﺣﻮز ة  ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ  و ﺗﺤﻮل از زﻳﺴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎن  ﺳﻨﺘﻲ  ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪرن ﻣﻲ در ﻧﻈﺮ  ﮔﻴﺮد .ﺑ ﻪ ﻫﻤﻴﻦ زﻳﺴﺖ ﻣﻨﻈﻮر  ﺟﻬﺎن  اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ  ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﻋﺎﻣﻞ  ﻣﺆ ﺛﺮ در ﺗﺤﻮل از ﺳﻨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪرﻧﻴﺘﻪ در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣ ﻣﻮرد ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻗﺮار ﻲ ﮔﻴﺮد.  ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ آﻧﻜﻪ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺔ   ﺗﺎرﻳﺦ ،  ﺗﺤﻮﻻت   اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ  اﻳ ﺮانﺣﺎﻛﻲ آﻧﺴﺖ از   ﻛﻪ  زﻳﺴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎن  روﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮان ، ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ زﻳﺴﺖ ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ ﺗﻔﻜﺮ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ اﻣﻜﺎن   ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت ﻧﻘﺎداﻧﻪ در ﻣﻮرد   ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﻛﺮده را در اﻳﺮان ﻓﺮاﻫﻢ   اﺳﺖ. ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ  ﺿﻤﻦﺗ ﺄ ﻛﻴﺪ ﺑﺮﺑﻴﻨﺶ دﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑ ،  ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﺎﺗﻲ ﺑﺮ آن اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻲ زﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﻪ   ﺟﻬﺎن ﻣﻨﺴﺠﻢ ﻣﺪرن ﻧﻴﺎزﻣﻨﺪ اﻓﻜﺎر و اﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ ﻫﺎی ﻣﺤ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻞ و ﻘﻘﺎﻧﻪ ای ﺳﻨﺖ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﻣﻴﺎن   اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ  و ﻣﺪرﻧﻴﺴﻢ ﭘﻞزده و ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﺮ ﺑﻮﻣﻲ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﮔﺮاﻳﻲ ﻋﻠﻤﻲ اﺳﺘﻮار  .  اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ  ﻫﻤﭽﻨﻴﻦ ﻧﺸﺎنﻣﻲ دﻫﺪزﻳﺴﺖ  اﻳﺮاﻧ ﺟﻬﺎن ﻲ وﻳﮋﮔﻴﻬﺎﻳ ، از ﻣ ﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻮردار اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ  ﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺑﻪ  ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ اﺳﺖ و از اﻳﻦ ﺟﻬﺖﺑﺮایﻃ ﻲ دور ﻛﺮدن ة ﺑﺴﺘﺮﺳﺎز ﮔﺬار ﻻزم اﺳﺖ ﺗﺎ ﻋﻮاﻣﻞ   ﻣﻄﺎﺑﻖ ﺑﺎ زﻳﺴﺖ ﺑﺮا ﺟﻬﺎن ﺧﻮد را یدﺳﺘﻴﺎﺑ ﻲ  ﺑﻪ ﻣﺪرﻧﻴﺘﻪاﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺑﺎزﺳﺎزی  .زﻳﺴﺖ روﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮ ﺟﻬﺎن ی  اﻳﺮان در ﺣﺎل ﻧﻘﺪ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻋﺎت  ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ ﻣﺠﺮا از ی  ﻧﻘﺪ اﻳﺮان ﺑﺴﻴﺎری از ﺑﺎورﻫﺎی ﻣﻮﺟﻮد در ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ اﺳﺖ .  ﺑﻪ ﻋﺒﺎرت دﻳﮕﺮ زﻳﺴﺖ ، روﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮ ﺟﻬﺎن ی ﻧﺎﺷ ﻲ زﻳﺴﺖ از ﻧﻘﺪ  ﺳﻨﺘ ﺟﻬﺎن ﻲ اﺳﺖ  .وﺟﻮد ﺑﺎ   اﻳ اﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژ ﻨﻜﻪ ی  و اﻳﺪﺋﻮﻟﻮژی زدﮔﻲ زﻳﺴﺖ از ﻣﺸﺨﺼﺎت  ﺟﻬﺎن  روﺷﻨﻔﻜﺮی اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ا ﺗﻘﺪس ، ﺳﺖ اﻣﺎ  زداﻳﻲ  اوﻟﻴﻦ و ﻋﻤﺪه ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻴﺖ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﺧﺼﻠﺖ   ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ زﻳﺴﺖ در اﻳﻦ  اﺳﺖ ﺟﻬﺎن . ﮔﺴﺴﺘﮕ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻲ ﻗﺪرت و  ﻣﺤﻮر  ﺑﻮدن را ﺑﻪ ﻋﻨﻮان ﺧﺼﺎﻳ د ﺺ ﻳ ﻋﻘﻼﻧ ﮕﺮ ﻴﺖ ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ ﻣ ﻧﺸﺎن ﻲ دﻫﺪ.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Reproducing traditional rationality and features of communicative rationality in Iranian public sphere

نویسنده [English]

  • Hamid Abdollahyan

University of Tehran

چکیده [English]

In these study features of communicative rationality in Iranian public sphere are examined. Deploying Habermes, the paper recognizes communicative rationality the factor of developing public sphere and transition from traditional life-world to, modern one.So, Iranian life-world as an effective factor for transition from tradition to modern has been studied. Reviewing the history of Iranian social evolutions reveals that intellectuall life-world is the first one which has provided the possibility of critical thought on public issues.Deploying communicative vision, the present article is to claim that constituting he cohesive and integrated life-world is required dependent thoughts sothat bridge the Iranian life-world enjoys the features unique for Iranian society. Thus, to transit this period it is required to reconstruct the ground factors regarding its life-world to reach to modernity.Iranian intellectual life worlds is criticizing public issues through existing Iranian believes. In a sense, Iranian intellectual life – world is result from criticizing traditional life-world. Although ideology and being ideologized is a feature of Iranian intellectual life-world, decanonization is the first feature of communicative rationality in this life-world. This study shows the fragmentation and being power-oriented of communicative rationality.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • being power-oriented
  • communicative rationality
  • Fragmentation
  • Iranian life-world
  • intellectual life-world