فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه مالزی

چکیده

ﺣﻀﻮر در ﻓﻀﺎی ﻣﺠﺎزی و اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ  ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﻣﺪاوم و ﭘﻴﻮﺳﺘﻪ ﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪ ای  و ﻣﻘﻄﻌﻲ و ﺑﺎ اﻧﮕﻴﺰه ﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ای ﻧﻴﻤﻪ و  ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ای ﺟﺎی ﺑﻪ  اﻧﮕﻴﺰه ﻫﺎی ﺻﺮﻓ ً ﺎ  ،ﻓﺮاﻏﺘﻲ ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ وﻳﮋﮔﻴﻬﺎ، ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎت، اﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎت و ﻛﺎرﻛﺮدﻫﺎی ﺧﺎص اﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ و ﺑﺎ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺖ ﺑﻪ وﺿﻌﻴﺖ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ، ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ، ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن در ﻛﻼن ﺷﻬﺮﻫﺎی در ﻣﺎ ، ﺣﺎل ﮔﺬار ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮات ﻋﻤﻴﻘﻲ را ﺑﺮ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ  ً ﻫﺎی ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﻫﻮﻳﺖ و ﺑﻪ ﺗﺒﻊ آن ﺑﺮ ﺳﺒﻚ زﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ   ﺟﻮاﻧﺎن ﺑﻪ ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﺑﺰرگ ﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻓﻀﺎ ﮔﺬارد ،  ﻃﻴﻒ ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺒﺎن و ﻓﻌﺎﻻن اﻳﻦ ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ  .در ﺑﺎ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺖ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ   ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﺎرﻫﺎی ﻋﻴﻨﻲ و ذﻫﻨﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮد در ﺟﻬﺎن واﻗﻌﻲ ﺧﻮد اﺳﺘﻔﺎده و ﺑﻨﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻮع و ﻣﻴﺰان   ﺷﺎن از اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ، ﺗﺄﺛﻴﺮات و ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات وﺳﻴﻊ و ﮔﺴﺘﺮده ای ﭘﺬﻳﺮﻓﺖ را ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮر ﺗﺪرﻳﺠﻲ ﺧﻮاﻫﻨﺪ  . در ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿ ﺗ ﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮر ﻣﺸﺨﺺ در ﭘﻲ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ و ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ از ﺄ ﺛﻴﺮات اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺣﻀﻮر در ﻓﻀﺎی ﻣﺠﺎزی و اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﻳﻜﻲ از ﺗﻜﻨﻮﻟﻮژﻳﻬﺎی  ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲ ﺑﺮ اﺑﻌﺎد ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ، ﻧﮕﺮﺷﻬﺎ و ً اﻳﺴﺘﺎرﻫﺎی ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ  ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان ﺟﻮانﺣﺮﻓﻪ ای ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ .ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ ﻫﺎی دﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ر آﻣﺪه ﺑﺎ  وش 10 ﻛﻴﻔﻲ؛ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻴﺪاﻧﻲ ﺑﺎ ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ در ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻤﻮﻧﻪ ﻧﺎب از ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ای  ﺟﻮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﻫﻤﺮاه ﺑﺎ ﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪات ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ و ﻣﺸﺎرﻛﺖ اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧ آﻣﻴﺰ و ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﺘﻮای ﻛﻴﻔﻲ ﺑﺮﺧﻲ ﻣﺘﻮن ﺘ ﻲ ﻣﻮﺟﻮد ﻋﻠﻲ وﺑﻼﮔﻬﺎ ، اﻟﺨﺼﻮص ﺑﻴﺎﻧﮕﺮ آن اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ ﺣﻀﻮر ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ و ﻓﻌﺎل در ﻓﻀﺎی ﻣﺠﺎزی و اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮﺑﻪ ﻣﺪاوم از اﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎت ﻣﺘﻌﺪد و  ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮد اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ   ﺧﺼﻮص ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ و ﺗﺒﺎدل اﻃﻼﻋﺎت ﺑﺎ ، ﺳﺎﻳﺮ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان ﻣﺘﻌﺪد و ﻣﺘﻔﺎوت ﺑﺎﻋﺚ ﺷﻜﻞ ﮔﻴﺮی  و ﺗﻘﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻣﺪرن و ﺑﺎزاﻧﺪﻳﺸﺎﻧﻪ در ﺑﻴﻦ ً ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﺎ  ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان ﺟﻮان اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ ﺑﺎ ﻣﺼﺮفﺣﺮﻓﻪ ای ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮد . در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻴﺎن ﻣﻴﺰانو  ﻧﻮع ﻛﺎرﺑﺮد ﻣﺪﻳﺮ و ﻧﺤﻮه اراﺋﻪ و ﻳﺖ  ﺧﻮد ﺗﻮﺳﻂ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮ اﻳﺮاﻧﻲ در ﻓﻀﺎی ﻣﺠﺎزی ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺮ ﻛﻤﻴﺖ و ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺖ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮات ﻫﻮﻳﺘﻲ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮان ﻣﺆثر است

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The internet and identity changes: A study among professional young users

نویسندگان [English]

  • saeed zokaei 1
  • fakhereh khatibi 2

1 allameh tabaei university

2 Malaysia university

چکیده [English]

Presence at virtual space and use of the net, particularly constantly and permanently versus secondarily , and or with professional and semi- professional motivation versus entertainment montivations would have various and profound effects on the different aspects of identity as well as life style of Iranian users, especially  youth –as a largest group of people engaging through he space- in terms of the features , facilities and opportunities of this space and the social, cultural and ecomomic state of youth in transition metropolitans. In fact, Iranian users regarding their subjective and objective in their real world and also their kind and degree of usage of the net would receive different and broad changes gradually. In this paper we study the social effect of presence at virtual space and use of the net –as a new communication technology- on the various dimensions of identity, attitudes, and positions of Iranian users. The findings have been gathered through qualitative method and some techniques like in – depth interview, field research among 10 professional users as well as participative observations and content analysis of some weblogs. The study reveals that constant use of the net and especially interaction and exchang of information with other users will lead to constituting of modern and reflexive identity among the users. Meanwhile, the rate, kind and way of use and also the management of the self by Iranian users at virtual space will affect the quality and quantity of identity change of users .  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anonymity
  • Fear
  • game of role
  • ICT
  • Identity
  • representation of self
  • Reflexivity
  • social interactions
  • social and individual modern identity
  • Trust
  • Virtual Space