فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسنده

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﺤﻞ زﻧﺪﮔﻲ اﺳﺖ و ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮن ﺗﻌﻠﻖ، واﺑﺴﺘﮕﻲ،ﻋﺸﻖ و در ﻋﻴﻦ ﺣﺎل ﻣﺤﻞ ﺧﺴﺘﮕﻲ، ﻓﺸﺎر و ﺗﻨﻔﺮ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ.اﺟﺰاء ﺧﺎﺻﻲ از ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ و ﻳﺎ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ .اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ درﺻﺪد ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻳﻲ ﺑﻪ اﻳﻦ ﭘﺮﺳﺶ اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ آﻳﺎ ﺷﻬﺮ ﻧﻴﺰ ﻫﻤﭽﻮن ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ دﻳﮕﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﺳﻴﻘﻲ، ﻓﻴﻠﻢ و ﻛﺎﻻﻫﺎ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ از ﺧﺼﻴﺼﺔ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﺑﻮدن و ﻏﻴﺮ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮردار ﺷﻮد و اﮔﺮ ﻛﻠﻴﺘﻲ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺎم ﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻮﺿﻮع اﻳﻦ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ و ﻳﺎ ﺑﻲ ﻋﻼﻗﻪ ﮔﻲ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮد، ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﻬﻢ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪی و ﻳﺎ ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪی آن ﭼﻴﺴﺖ؟ﺑﺎ اﻳﻦ ﻧﮕﺎه در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ اﺑﺘﺪا ﺑﻪ اﺑﻌﺎد ﻣﻔﻬﻮﻣﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ و ﺑﺮ ﺗﻔﺎوت ﻫﺎی آن ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ ﻣﻲ ﺷﻮد.  ﻋﻨﺎﺻﺮ اﺻﻠﻲ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﻛﻪ ﻫﺮ ﻛﺪام ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﻣﺠﺰا ﻳﺎ در ﺷﻜﻞ ﻗﺪرﺗﻤﻨﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ، ﺑﺼﻮرت ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﻣﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧﺪ ﻇﻬﻮر ﭘﻴﺪا ﻛﻨﺪ،ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ .در ﺑﺨﺶ دوم ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻧﺴﺒﺖ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ و ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻲ و ﻧﺨﺒﮕﺎن اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ .در واﻗﻊ ﻓﻬﻢ ﻧﺨﺒﮕﻲ، ﭘﺮده ﺑﺮداﺷﺘﻦ از ﻣﻨﺎﺑﻊ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ و ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ دﻫﻨﺪه راﺑﻄﺔ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﺑﺎ "اﻟﮕﻮﻫﺎی ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ"اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ از اﻳﻦ ﻣﺴﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﻤﺎدﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺧﻮاﻫﺪ ﺷﺪ .در ﺑﺨﺶ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮ ﭘﻴﻮﻧﺪ ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﮕﺎه ﻧﻈﺮی ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ و ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﻪ ﻣﻮردی ﻛﻪ ﺑﺮ اﺑﻌﺎد ﻣﺮدم ﭘﺴﻨﺪ و ﻧﻤﺎدﻫﺎی ﭘﺮداﺧﺘﻪ ﺧﻮاﻫﺪﺷﺪ .ﺑﺎ روﻳﻜﺮد ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮی ﺗﻼش ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ راﺑﻄﻪ ، ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻬﺮان ﺗﺄﻛﻴﺪ داردﻣﻌﻨﺎداری ﺑﻴﻦ ﻧﻈﺮ ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻫﺎ و روﻳﻜﺮد ﻧﻈﺮی ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺮﻗﺮار ﺷﻮد .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Popular Culture & Popular City, Tehran: Local – Global City

نویسنده [English]

  • seyed reza aameli

Tehran university

چکیده [English]

City can be subject of love and hate. Particular elements of the city can be subject for popularity and dispopularity as well. In this paper my main attempt is to apply the concept of popular culture to the city and examine the popular elements of the city of Tehran through examination of peoples’ love and hate in relation to the city of Tehran. This paper will first discuss the concept of popular culture and its relationship with elitism and symbolic power then from this perspective idea of respondents to the question about popularity and dispopularity of Tehran together with question about symbol power will be the core of the discussion in this paper. The result of qualitative research based on 120 comments of the respondents to popular/dispopular aspects as well as symbol of Tehran is major source for cultural approach to the city of Tehran. This research carried out on the neutral space of weblog which gives opportunity to receive the profound and reliable answers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : city of God
  • dispopular city
  • elitism
  • localization
  • popular city
  • popular culture