فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسنده

استاد پژوهشگاه و معاون پژوهشی

چکیده

اینترنت به مثابه یک امکان اینترنتی 
ﻧﻮﭘﺪﻳﺪ، ﺟﺬاب و ﻓﺮاﮔﻴﺮ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺟـﺎی ﺧـﻮد ر اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ   ﻣﺜﺎﺑﻪ ﻳﻚ اﻣﻜﺎن ارﺗﺒﺎﻃﻲدر ﻋﺮﺻﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﻣﻼت اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺑﺎز ﻣﻲ  ﻛﻨﺪ .اﻳﻦ  ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﺎﺣﺼﻞ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻘﻲ دﺳﺖ اول اﺳـﺖ ﻛه    ﺑﺮای آزﻣﻮن ﺗﺎﺛﻴﺮ اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﺮ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﺎﻻن اﻧﺠﺎم ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ .ﺑـﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻨﻈـﻮر ﺑـﺎ اﺗﻜـﺎ ﺑـﺮ     ﻧﻈﺮﻳﺔ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﺗﺎﺟﻔﻞ، ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺻﻮر ت  ﺑﻨﺪی ﺷ ﺪ و ﺑﺮای اﻧﺪازه  ﮔﻴﺮی ﻫﻮﻳﺖ  ﻫﻤﺎﻻن ﻣﻘﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺳﺎﺧﺘﻪ و اﻋﺘﺒﺎرﻳﺎﺑﻲ ﺷـ ﺪ .ﺗﺤﻘﻴـﻖ در ﻗﺎﻟـﺐ ﻃﺮﺣـﻲ ﻣﻘﻄﻌـﻲ ﺑـﻪ روش   ﺷﺒﻪ آزﻣﺎﻳﺸﻲ اﻧﺠﺎم ﮔﺮﻓﺖ .ﭘﺮﺳﺸﻨﺎﻣﺔ ﻧﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﺗﻮﺳـﻂ ﻧﻤﻮﻧـ  ﻪ ﻧﻔـ ﺮ (از داﻧﺸـﺠﻮﻳﺎن  365) ایﺳـﻬﻤﻴﻪ ِ داﻧﺸﮕﺎه ﺗﻬﺮان ﺗﻜﻤﻴﻞ   ﺷﺪ ﻛـﻪ ﺑـﻪ روش ﻏﻴﺮاﺣﺘﻤـﺎﻟﻲ  ای اﻧﺘﺨـﺎب ﺷـﺪه ﺑﻮدﻧـﺪ .( ﻧﻔـ ﺮ 180) ﭘﺎﺳﺨﮕﻮﻳﺎن ﺑﻨﺎﺑﺮ داﺷﺘﻦ ﻳﺎ ﻧﺪاﺷﺘﻦ ﺳﺎﺑﻘﻪ ﻛﺎرﺑﺮی اﻳﻨﺘﺮﻧﺖ ﺑﻪ دو ﮔﺮوه آزﻣﻮنﻧﻔﺮ (ﺗﻘﺴﻴﻢ ﺷﺪﻧﺪ .ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﺎ دو ﺗﻜﻨﻴﻚ ﻣﻦ ـ واﻳﺖ 185) و ﺷﺎﻫﺪ ﻧﻲ و رﮔﺮﺳﻴﻮن
ﭼﻨﺪﻣﺘﻐﻴﺮی آزﻣﻮن ﮔﺮدﻳﺪ ﻛﻪ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ    ﻧﺸﺪ .ﻧﺘﺎﻳﺞ اﺻﻠﻲ و ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ، ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤـﺮاه دﻻﻳـﻞ    ﻋﺪم  ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﻓﺮﺿﻴﺔ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻣﻮرد ﺑﺤﺚ و ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ ﻗﺮار ﻣ ﻲ  ﮔﻴﺮﻧـ ﺪ .از ﺟﻤﻠـﻪ ﻧﺘـﺎﻳ    ﺟﺎﻧﺒﻲ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ اﻳﻨﻜﻪ ﻣﻴﺎن ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﺎﻻن زﻧﺎن و ﻣﺮدان ﺗﻔﺎوت ﻣﻌﻨـﺎداری ﻣﺸـﺎﻫﺪه ﻧﺸـﺪ؛
دﻳﮕﺮ آ ن ﻛﻪ ﻫﻮﻳﺖ ﻫﻤﺎﻻن ﺑﺎ ﻣﺘﻮﺳـﻂ وﻗـﺖ ﺻـﺮف ﺷـﺪه در ﺷـﺒﺎﻧﻪ روز ﺑـﺮای ﺗﻤﺎﺷـﺎی      ﻓﻴﻠﻢ ﻫﺎی وﻳﺪﻳﻮﻳﻲ راﺑﻄﻪ ﻣﺜﺒﺖ و ﻣﻌﻨﺎداری داﺷﺖ. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Internet on Peer Group Identity

نویسنده [English]

  • Behzad Dowran

Iram Doc

چکیده [English]

The Internet as a new kind of popular communicative medium is going to find its place in social interactions, and then has likely some implications for social identities in different levels. The paper reports the findings of first hand research carried out in the field of the Internet᾽s effects on peer group identity. Peer group identity measured by a scale which developed by author applying Tajfel's social identity theory. The research plan was a cross-sectional quasiexperimental one. In a non-probability sampling 365 students selected from University of Tehran to test the research hypothesis. The sample divided into two subgroups as the test group (n=180) for those who had some Internet experiences, and the observation group (n=185) for whom had not such an experience. The hypothesis tested by two techniques: Man-Whitney and multiple regressions. There was no significant relation between the Internet usage and peer group identity. The main result and two side findings are discussed. The latter findings includes "any significant relationship between gender type and peer group identity is not observed", and "there was a significant positive relation between the time which spent to use video cassette recording (VCR) system and peer group identity".

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Internet
  • peer group identity
  • Tajfel's social identity theory