فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

نویسنده

دانشگاه صداو سیما

چکیده

 
ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ»و  «آﻳﻴﻦ»ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ از اﺑﺰارﻫﺎی ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻠﻲ ﻛﺎرآﻣﺪ در ﻣﻄﺎﻟﻌﺔ دﻳﻦ،  « ﭘﺴﻨﺪﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ و ﺟﺎﻣﻌﻪ اﺳﺖ .دﻳﺪﮔﺎه ﻫﺎی ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻒ در داﻧﺶ ﻫﺎی ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ و ﻋﻠﻮم اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ از اﻳﻦ ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده ﻛﺮده اﻧﺪ ﺗﺎ ﺳﺎزوﻛﺎرﻫﺎی اﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﺎت دﻳﻨﻲ را در ﻋﺮﺻﺔ ﺗﺤﻮﻻت ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ ﻛﻨﻨﺪ .ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺑﺎ اﺳﺘﻔﺎده از ﻣﻔﺎﻫﻴﻢ ﻓﻮق درﺻﺪد اﺳﺖ اول ﻣﺒﺎﺣﺜﻲ ﻧﻈﺮی در ﺧﺼﻮص آﻳﻴﻦ و ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺴﻨﺪ اراﺋﻪ ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ و ﺑﺨﺶ دوم ﺑﺎ ﻣﺮوری ﻣﺮدم ﻧﮕﺎراﻧﻪ ﺑﺮ ﻣﺪاﺣﻲ ﻫﺎ و ﺷﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﻧﮕﺎری ﻫﺎی راﻳﺞ ﺗﻼش ﻣﻲ ﻛﻨﺪ ﺗﺎ از ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﮔﺮا   ـ ﻧﻤﺎدﮔﺮا ﺗﺤﻮل آﻳﻴﻦ ﻫﺎی ﻋﺎﺷﻮراﻳﻲ را در اﻳﺮان ﻣﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﺑﺮرﺳﻲ و ﻧﺴﺒﺖ  ﻫﺎی آن را ﺑﺎ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺴﻨﺪ روﺷﻦ ﻛﻨﺪ .در اﻳﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ ﻋﺎﻣﻪ ﭘﺴﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﺗﻌﺒﻴﺮ دوﺳﺮﺗﻮﻳﻲ  آن، ﺗﺎﻛﺘﻴﻚ ﻫﺎﻳﻲ دﻳﺪه ﺷﺪه اﺳﺖ ﻛﻪ در ﻣﻘﺎﺑﻞ اﺳﺘﺮاﺗﮋی ﻫﺎی آﻳﻴﻨﻲسازی  ﺑﻪ ﺻﻮرت ﺗﺤﻮﻻﺗﻲ در ﺷﻴﻮه ﻫﺎی ﺳﻨﺘﻲ ﺑﺮﮔﺰاری آﻳﻴﻦ ﻫﺎ در ﻣﻲ  آﻳﻨﺪ

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Ritual, Ritualization and Religious Popular Culture: Thinking over some Religious Visual Representation and New Methods of Maddahi

نویسنده [English]

  • abdollah givian

seda sima university

چکیده [English]

Such useful concepts as "ritual" and "popular culture"have been used by various approaches to clarify mechanisms through which religion, culture and society work. Consisting of two main parts, this article attempts to elucidate the sense in which we can talk about "religious popular culture" in the context of Iranian shi'i culture and society governed by an Islamic state. The first part presents a brief theoretical overview of the rich literature on these concepts. The following part consists of an ethnographic study of Ashura rituals and iconography. My ethnographic data comes out of my observations in 1984(2005). From a symbolic- culturalist approach, this part is aimed at explaining the interaction between Ashura rituals and iconography and popular culture in recent Iran.In spired by a de Certeauian view of popular culture, the second part discusses Ashura rituals as means modified and used by people as tactics against dominant strategies manifested in the form of current ritualization or the ongoing Islamization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ritual
  • Religious Popular Culture
  • Ritualization
  • Culturalist – Symbolist
  • Representation
  • Ashura