فصلنامه مطالعات فرهنگی و ارتباطات

چکیده

اﻳــ ﻦ ﻣﻘﺎﻟــﻪ  ﺑــ ﻪ ﺑﺮرﺳــﻲ  ﻣﻔﻬــﻮم  ﻫﻮﻳــﺖ  و ﻓﺮﻫﻨــﮓ  در ﻧﻈﺮﻳــﻪ  ﻣﺘــﺎﺧﺮ ﺟﻬــﺎﻧﻲ ﺷــﺪنــــﻮﻋﻲ   ارﺗﺪوﻛﺴـــﻲ «  ﻧﻈﺮﻳـــﻪ  ﺟﺪﻳـــﺪ درﺑـــﺎره  ﻣﺪرﻧﻴﺘـــﻪ»  اﺳـــﺖ ، ﻣـــﻲ ﭘـــﺮدازد .اﮔﺮﭼـــﻪ  ﻧﻈﺮﻳـــﻪ  ارﺗﺪوﻛﺴــﻲ » «  ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻓﺮﻫﻨــﮓ  و ﻣﺪرﻧﻴﺘــﻪ  ﻣــ ﻲ ﻛﻮﺷــﺪ از ﺿــﻌ ﻒ ﻫــﺎی  ﻧﻈﺮﻳــﻪ  اﻣﭙﺮﻳــﺎﻟﻴﺰم  ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــــــــﻲ  اﺟﺘﻨـــــــﺎب  ﻛﻨــــﺪ،  ﺑــﺎ اﻳــﻦ  ﺣــﺎ ل ﻧــ ﻪ ﺗﻨﻬــﺎ از ﻧﻘــﺶ  ﻋﻮاﻣــﻞ  اﻗﺘﺼــﺎدی  و در ﺗــﺄﺛﻴﺮ ﺟﻬــﺎﻧﻲ ﺷــﺪن  ﺑــﺮ ﻓﺮﻫﻨــﮓ  ﻏﻔـــــﺖ   ﻣــ ﻲ ورزد، ﺑﻠﻜــﻪ  آﮔﺎﻫﺎﻧــﻪ  آ ن  را ﺑــﻪ  ﺑﻬﺎﻧــﻪ  ﺗﻘﻠﻴــﻞ ﮔﺮاﻳــﻲ  ﻧﻘــﺪ ﻣــﻲ ﻛﻨــﺪ . اﻗﺘﺼــﺎد ﺳﻴﺎﺳــﻲ  ﺗﻮﻟﻴـــــــــﺪ  و ﻣﺼــﺮف  ﻛﺎﻻﻫــﺎی  ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕــﻲ  در ﺳــﻄﺢ  ﺟﻬــﺎﻧﻲ  ﻧﺸــﺎن  ﻣــ ﻲ دﻫــﺪ ﻛــ ﻪ  ﻳــﺎ ﺟﻬــﺎﻧ ﻲ ﺷــﺪن  ﻣﻌﻨـﺎ ی  روﺷـﻨ ﻲ ﻧـﺪارد، ﻳــﺎ ﺑ  ـ ﻪ  ﻣﻌﻨـﺎ ی  ﺟﻬــﺎﻧﻲ ﺳـﺎز ی  اﻣﺮﻳﻜـﺎﻳ ﻲ ﺷــﺪن  و ﻏﺮﺑـ ﻲ ﺷـﺪ ن  ﺧﻮاﻫــﺪ ﺑــﻮد .از اﻳــﻦ رو، ﻧﻈﺮﻳــﻪ ارﺗﺪوﻛﺴــﻲ  ﺟﺪﻳــﺪ ﻧﻤــﻲ ﺗﻮاﻧــﺪ ﺑــﻪ  ﺧــﻮﺑﻲ  از ﻋﻬــﺪه  ﺗﺒﻴــﻴﻦ  راﺑﻄــﻪ  ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮓ  و ﻫﻮﻳﺖ  ﺑﺎ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ  ﺑﻪ  واﻗﻌﻴﺎت ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ  ﺑﺮآﻳﺪ  .

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identity, Culture and Globalization problematic: From Perspectives toRealities

چکیده [English]

This paper is an epistemological and conceptual discussion on the relationship between culture, identity and globalization. Although, new orthodox theory of modernity tries toprevent from the weakness of the theory of cultural imperialism, but not only neglectsthe role of the economic factors in impact of globalization upon culture, but also criticizeit as a kind of reductionism consciously. The political economy of production andconsumption of cultural goods shows that either globalization has any clear meaning of itwill be a process of Americanism or westernization. Therefore, the new orthodoxy theorycannot explain the relationship between culture and identity in the real situation of theglobal world, as well. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Internet
  • Cyberstalking
  • Cybercrimes
  • women harassment in internet
  • Women Rights